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Some Terms in Turkish Grammar
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1.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 09:48 pm

 

ad tamlaması --->  possessive construction  

sokak kedisi ---> street cat

demir köprü -----> iron bridge

gümüş tepsi -----> silver tray

 

ağız -----> local dialect

İstanbul ağzı ---> İstanbul dialect.

Konya ağzı -----> Konya dialect.

 



Edited (10/18/2011) by tunci [corrected "e" into "a" in the word " Grammar" in the title. [Si++ ´s request !! ]]

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2.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 09:54 pm

 

ara tümce ----> parenthesis sentence  

 Bütün dostları, zaten onun pek dostu da yoktu, kendisini bırakıverdiler.

 His all friends, he hasnt had much friends anyways, left him/her.



Edited (10/15/2011) by tunci

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3.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 09:59 pm

 

Bağlaç ----> conjunction

Ve, veya, veyahut, ile, bile, fakat.....etc.

 

ile ---> with

bile ---> even

fakat ---> but

ve ---> and

veya ---> or

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4.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 10:20 pm

 

bağlaçlı özne -----> Subject with conjunction

 

O ki benim en iyi arkadaşımdı.... ------> O ki

He that [who] was my best friend... ----> he that

 

Siz de gelin ---> You [plural or polite way to adress] also come.

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5.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 10:28 pm

 

Adıl [ Zamir ] ----> Pronoun

 

Ben, sen, o, biz, siz, onlar; kendim, kendin, kendi (kendisi) , kendimiz, kendiniz, kendileri; bu (bunlar) , şu (şunlar) , o (onlar) ; kim (kimi, kime, kimde, kimden, kimin) ; ne (neyi, neye, nede, neden, neyin) ; biri, birisi, birbiri vb.

I, you, he/she/it, they, myself,yourself,himself/herself,itself,ourselves,yourselves,themselves,this,these,that,those;who,whose

what,someone....etc..

 

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6.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 10:35 pm

 

ad kökü -----> nominal root

The pure noun with no suffix added.

ev, el, baş, araba

 

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7.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 10:45 pm

 

addan türeme ad ---->  denominative noun  

A noun that is derived from a noun.

 

yazlık < yaz+lık ---> yaz = summer  , yazlık = summer house

denizci < deniz+ci ---> deniz = sea,  denizci = sailor

göz [ eye] + lük = gözlük --> glasses

kitap [book] + lık ---> kitaplık ---> bookcase

 



Edited (10/15/2011) by tunci

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8.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 10:55 pm

 

Anlam daralması -------->  semantic restriction  

A limitation on what other words can go with any particular word, based on the meaning of the latter.

For example " Mal " means in common meaning = all goods , but in restricted meaning "Mal" means = animals, flock of sheep or goats

 

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9.       tunci
7149 posts
 15 Oct 2011 Sat 11:14 pm

 

ad tümcesi ---->  nominal sentence  

 
Türk´üm. ----> I am Turk.

Yorgunsun. ---> You are tired.

Yorgun değilsin. --> You are not tired.

O iyi bir çocuk. ----> He/she is a good child.

 

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10.       tunci
7149 posts
 16 Oct 2011 Sun 12:24 am

 

bağlaçlı yantümce ----> Relative clause

The clause after conjunction "ki"

 

Diyorlar ki ekmek fırını bugün kapalı olacakmış. ---> They say that today the bread shop will be closed.


Zannediyorum ki bu akşam Nevin gelir -----> I suppose that Nevin will come tonight.

Bilirim ki Türkçe kolaydır. -----> I know that Turkish is easy.

 

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