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Capital Letters
1.       Abla
3647 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 01:23 pm

Are weekdays, months, languages, compass points and nationalities written with capital or small initial letters in correct Turkish? Both alternatives seem to be widespread.



Edited (2/23/2012) by Abla [Added something.]

2.       MarioninTurkey
6124 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 03:42 pm

Abla

 

the "official" last word on any subject is the Türk Dil Kurumu.

 

This is the link to their comments on capital letters:

http://www.tdk.gov.tr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=183:Buyuk-Harflerin-Kullanildigi-Yerler-&catid=50:yazm-kurallar&Itemid=132

 

 

3.       MarioninTurkey
6124 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 03:46 pm

To summarise the TDK page:

Days:

 

Ç. Belirli bir tarih bildiren ay ve gün adları büyük harfle başlar: 29 Mayıs 1453 Salı günü, 29 Ekim 1923, 28 Aralık 1982’de göreve başladı. Lale Festivali 25 Haziran’da başlayacak. 

Belirli bir tarihi belirtmeyen ay ve gün adları küçük harfle başlar: Okullar genel­likle eylülün ikinci haftasında öğretime başlar. Yürütme Kurulu toplantı­larını perşembe günleri yaparız.

 

If the date is a specific date, you capitalise it. e.g. the Lale festival will start on 25 June

If not, you don´t. e.g. The school year normally starts in the second week of september (we would capitalise this is English, but not in Turkish)

4.       MarioninTurkey
6124 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 03:48 pm

Languages (and also dialects) are capitalised:

6. Dil ve lehçe adları büyük harfle başlar: Türkçe, Almanca, İngilizce, Rusça, Arapça; Oğuzca, Kazakça, Kırgızca, Özbekçe, Tatarca vb.

5.       MarioninTurkey
6124 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 03:48 pm

Nationalities are too:

 

5. Millet, boy, oymak adları büyük harfle başlar: Alman, Arap, İngiliz, Japon, Rus, Türk; Kazak, Kırgız, Oğuz, Özbek, Tatar; Hacımusalı, Karakeçili vb. 

6.       MarioninTurkey
6124 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 03:50 pm

compass points normally not, unless they refer to things like "the west" as a concept (i.e. Western)

 

11. Düşünce, hayat tarzı, politika vb. anlamlar bildirdiğinde doğu ve batı sözlerinin ilk harfleri büyük yazılır: Batı medeniyeti, Doğu mistisizmi vb. Bu sözler yön bildirdiğinde küçük yazılır: Bursa’nın doğusu, Ankara’nın batısı vb.

7.       Abla
3647 posts
 23 Feb 2012 Thu 06:03 pm

Thank you for working on it, MarioninTurkey. I noticed it´s impossible to find a rule by just googling some words. Today´s short communication ignores such things.

 

If someone still happens to know a link to Turkish punctuation rules I´d like to see them. No need to translate, I can try myself.

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