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TENSES
(47 Messages in 5 pages - View all)
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1.       nemanjasrb
507 posts
 16 Oct 2012 Tue 06:14 pm

I started with learning some new tenses in Turkish. First it´s this:
*Past imperfect:
İçiyordum,içiyordun,etc..
Could you tell me more about it?
Thank´s in advance..

nemanjasrb

2.       ssanlite
8 posts
 16 Oct 2012 Tue 07:29 pm

This is not ´past imperfect tense´ i guess. Isn´t it past progressive? 

İçiyordum means "I was drinking" and içiyordun means "you were drinking" in English. By the way, how can we help? I´ll be glad if you make it more obvious

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3.       nemanjasrb
507 posts
 16 Oct 2012 Tue 08:24 pm

 

Quoting ssanlite

This is not ´past imperfect tense´ i guess. Isn´t it past progressive? 

İçiyordum means "I was drinking" and içiyordun means "you were drinking" in English. By the way, how can we help? I´ll be glad if you make it more obvious

 

Well,could you tell me something more about it?

4.       ssanlite
8 posts
 16 Oct 2012 Tue 08:36 pm

We describe an action that was taking place in past by using this tense. It gives the meaning of sentences like "I was reading a book". We use "-yordu(m)" to form these sentences. 

I was reading a book = Ben bir kitap okuyordum

You were reading a book = Sen bir kitap okuyordun

He/She was reading a book = O bir kitap okuyordu

We were reading a book = Biz bir kitap okuyorduk 

You were reading a book = Siz bir kitap okuyordunuz

They were reading a book = Onlar bir kitap okuyorlardı.


I hope this will be helpful for the beginning  

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5.       nemanjasrb
507 posts
 18 Oct 2012 Thu 03:12 pm

 

Quoting ssanlite

We describe an action that was taking place in past by using this tense. It gives the meaning of sentences like "I was reading a book". We use "-yordu(m)" to form these sentences. 

I was reading a book = Ben bir kitap okuyordum

You were reading a book = Sen bir kitap okuyordun

He/She was reading a book = O bir kitap okuyordu

We were reading a book = Biz bir kitap okuyorduk 

You were reading a book = Siz bir kitap okuyordunuz

They were reading a book = Onlar bir kitap okuyorlardı.


I hope this will be helpful for the beginning  


Teşekkür ederim. And when I build negative of this tense,how would be that.?
Okumuyordum OR Okuyormadım. ?

 



Edited (10/18/2012) by nemanjasrb [Typical mistake for me. :)]

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6.       Abla
3647 posts
 18 Oct 2012 Thu 11:35 pm

Glue the negation marker to the verb stem, nemanja.

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7.       ikicihan
1127 posts
 19 Oct 2012 Fri 03:15 am

oku-yor-um: i am reading (now).
I have started reading and not finished yet.

oku-yor-du-m: i was reading (in the past).
I had started reading, continued some time and finished.

oku-yor ol-acağ-ım : i will be reading (it).

I will start reading and i will be in the middle of the action.

 

negatives:

oku-mu-yor-um

oku-mu-yor-du-m

oku-mu-yor ol-acağ-ım


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8.       og2009
408 posts
 19 Oct 2012 Fri 04:02 am

BRIEF NOTE ON TURKISH - ENGLISH GRAMMAR
TÜRKÇE DİL BİLGİSİ - TURKISH GRAMMAR
DİL – LANGUAGE
DİL BİLGİSİ – GRAMMAR
DİL AİLESİ – FAMİLY OF LANGUAGE, RELATIONSHIP OF LANGUAGES
ANADİL –  PRIMITIVE LANGUAGE, MOTHER TONGUE
KARMA DİL – MIXED LANGUAGE
YAZIM , İMLA  - SPELLING, ORTHOGRAPHY, DICTATION
DİL BİLİMİ  – LİNGUISTICS
DİL BİLİMCİ - LINGUIST
DİL ATLASI – LİNGUISTIC ATLAS
ALFABE – ELİFBA - ALPHABET
YAZI – YAZI SİSTEMİ – WRITING
YAZI DİLİ – WRITTEN LANGUAGE
HARF –  LETTER  OF THE ALPHABET- 29 LETTERS  IN TURKISH ALPHABET
ÜNLÜ HARFLER – VOWEL  :  A E U Ü İ I O Ö
ÜNSÜZ HARFLER – CONSONANT
BİLİM DİLİ, LİSAN-I İLMİ - SCIENTIFIC LANGUAGE
KELİME KÖKÜ –  KÖKEN BİLGİSİ - ROOT
TABAN – BASİS, BASE
HECE –  SYLLABLE
KELİME,  SÖZCÜK, SÖZ  –  WORD
KELİME TÜRÜ –  PART OF SPEECH
TÜMCE, CÜMLE –  SENTENCE
PARAGRAF –  PARAGRAPH
METİN – TEXT
ANLAM BİLİMİ  –  SEMANTICS
SOYUT –  ABSTRACT
SOMUT - CONCRETE
TÜREV  –  DERİVATİVE
VURGU - ACCENT,  STRESS
YABANCI KELİME –  BORROWED WORD
YENİ KELİME - NEOLOGISM
ŞİVE, AĞIZ –  LOCAL DIALECT / LANGUAGE
AĞIZ, KONUŞMA BİÇİMİ –  DIALECT
TON, SES TONE  –  TONE
SES BİLİMİ  –  FONETIC
SES BİLGİSİ  -  FONOLOGY
KELİME HAZNESİ  -  VOCABULARY
KAVRAM – CONCEPT,  NOTION
NESNE  –  OBJECT
BENZEŞME  –  ASSIMILATION
DİKSİYON,  BELAGAT  –  DICTION
DEYİM  –  IDIOM
ARGO  –  SLANG
ATASÖZÜ,  DARB-I MESEL  -  PROVERB
BAĞLAM,  BÜTÜN VE KAPSAM  –  CONTEXT
ANLAM  -  MEANING
BASİT CÜMLE –  SIMPLE SENTENCE
CÜMLE BİLGİSİ  -  SYNTAX
CÜMLE VURGUSU  –  SENTENCE STRESS
YAN CÜMLE, TALİ  CÜMLE –  SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
ARA CÜMLE  –  PARENTHETICAL SENTENCE
CÜMLE ÇATISI  -  VOICE
DÜZ CÜMLE  –  DIRECT SENTENCE
DEVRİK CÜMLE  -  ANACOLUTHON
YAN ANLAM  -  SECONDARY MEANING
YAPI  –  STRUCTURE
CÜMLENİN ÖĞELERİ- FUNDAMENTALS  OF SENTENCE:
-ÖZNE  -  NOUN, SUBJECT
-TÜMLEÇ - COMPLEMENT
-YÜKLEM,  EYLEM – VERB,  PREDICATE
FİİL  ÇEKİMİ  - CONJUGATION
SIFAT : ÖN AD  -   ADJECTIVE
ZAMİR,  ADIL  –  PRONOUN
ZARF,  BELİRTEÇ  -  ADVERB
EDAT,  İLGEÇ –  PREPOSITION
BAĞLAÇ, BAĞLAM  – CONJUNCTION
EK– AFFİX, SUFFIX
NOKTALAMA İŞARETLERİ: PUNCTUATION :
NOKTA –  FULL STOP – POINT -
VİRGÜL  -  COMMA  - VIRGULE -
NOKTALI VIRGÜL –  POINT- VIRGULE
İKİ NOKTA –  DEUX POINTS
TIRNAK –  QUOTATION MARK – GUILLEMET -
ÜNLEM –  INTERJECTION
SORU (İMİ  –  QUESTION MARK – İNTERROGATION -
UZUN  ÇİZGI,  ÇİZİ –  TIRET
PARANTEZ  –  PARENTHESE
KÖŞELİ  PARANTEZ  -  SQUARE BRACKET – CROCHET -
KESME – EXCLAMATION MARK  -  SIGNE DE COUPURE  -
APOSTROF -  APOSTROPHE
ZAMANLAR - TENSES :
1-  SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE  – GENİŞ ZAMAN
2- PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE – ŞİMDİKİ ZAMAN
3- FUTURE TENSE –  GELECEK ZAMAN
4- SIMPLE PAST TENSE - GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN
5-   PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE –  DİLİ GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN
6-  PRESENT PERFECT TENSE – DEVAM EDEN GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN
7-  PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE – GEÇMİŞTE BAŞLAYIP HALEN DEVAM ETMEKTE OLAN GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN
9-  PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE – GEÇMİŞTE BELLİ BİR ZAMAN DEVAM ETMİŞ BİR EYLEME AİT ZAMAN
I0-  FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE – GELECEKTE BİR ZAMANDA  OLABİLECEK EYLEME AİT ZAMAN
11-  FUTURE PERFECT TENSE – GELECEKTE BİR ZAMANDA OLACAK BİR ŞEYE AİT ZAMAN
12-  FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE – GELECEKTE BELLİ BİR ZAMANA KADAR DEVAM EDECEK BİR EYLEME  AİT ZAMAN
-  ACTIVE VOICE -  DİREKT ( DOLAYSIZ)  ANLATIM
-PASSIVE VOICES – ENDİREKT (DOLAYLI) ANLATIM
- DIRECT SPEECH - DOĞRUDAN KONUŞMA
-REPORTED SPEECH  (INDIRECT SPEECH) - DOLAYLI KONUŞMA
-MODALS  AND OTHERS

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9.       nemanjasrb
507 posts
 19 Oct 2012 Fri 03:11 pm

 

Quoting ssanlite

This is not ´past imperfect tense´ i guess. Isn´t it past progressive? 

İçiyordum means "I was drinking" and içiyordun means "you were drinking" in English. By the way, how can we help? I´ll be glad if you make it more obvious

 

I´m not sure,here I found that: http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/fiilkipi.htm ..



Edited (10/19/2012) by nemanjasrb [...]

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10.       og2009
408 posts
 19 Oct 2012 Fri 03:15 pm

TOTE SPRACHE, LANGUE MORTE, DEAD LANGUAGE, ANCİENT LANGUAGES, ANTİK DİLLER?
What about "Ancient Languages"?
Eski Sibirya dilleri, Köktürkçe, Sümerce, Hititçe, Eski Yunanca, Latince, Goyça, vb.
Are you interested in the "LİNGUISTIC ATLAS?" as a hobby?

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