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difficult language
1.       uzma 321
16 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 04:14 pm

so muchf difficult turkish is need some help Cry

2.       turhan2007
41 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 04:28 pm

What is your trouble about learning Turkish??

Abla liked this message
3.       uzma 321
16 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 04:44 pm

m not understanding vowels section.

4.       Faruk
1607 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 05:53 pm

You mean vowel harmony?

5.       uzma 321
16 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 06:07 pm

yes vowel harmony.

6.       Faruk
1607 posts
 28 May 2013 Tue 09:58 pm

I see. They are a little complex rules for learners. But it´s not the end of the world Since we use suffixes a lot, we have these rules to write correct vowels.

 

I´ll try to explain them:

 

Major Vowel Harmony

This is the easier one. There are eight vowels in Turkish. Four of them are hard (a, ı, o , u) and four of them are soft vowels (e, i, ö, ü ). If the last vowel of a word is hard, then the suffix will start with a hard vowel. Same for soft vowels.

 

For example:

Let´s add some suffixes to the following words,

market-e ; market-in (soft)

iş-e ; iş-in (soft)

duvar-a ; duvar-ın (hard)

okul-a ; okul-un (hard)

 

As you see, the last vowel shows which vowel you should start with.

 

Minor Vowel Harmony

This one´s not that hard. This time we group vowels differently. When you pronounce them, your mouth either becomes flat or round. Flat vowels are a, e, ı, i. And round vowels are o, ö, u, ü. Try it and you´ll see

The simple way to say the rule is that, if the last vowel of a word is flat, the suffix will start with a flat one. But if the last vowel is round, then it could be either flat or round.

 

For example:

ben-im (flat)

duvar-ın (flat)

ışık-lı (flat)

o-n-un (round)

horoz-a (round)

gül-lü (round)

 

I hope it helps!

 

If you have any question, please feel free to ask.

 

Good luck

 

 



Edited (5/29/2013) by Faruk [I have my reasons :)]

uzma 321, Efi70, TheNemanja and gokuyum liked this message
7.       gokuyum
5049 posts
 29 May 2013 Wed 12:04 am

 

Quoting uzma 321

so muchf difficult turkish is need some help Cry

 

Try chinese. It is way easier.

elenagabriela and Efi70 liked this message
8.       uzma 321
16 posts
 29 May 2013 Wed 10:16 am

what is the role of the buffer constant then??

9.       Faruk
1607 posts
 29 May 2013 Wed 12:53 pm

 

Quoting uzma 321

what is the role of the buffer constant then??

 

There are some buffer letters (y, ş, s, n) to connect vowels in a word. Since there shouldn´t be two vowels written together (apart from exceptions), we add buffer letters. They also help us pronounce words easily.

For example:

araba-y-a 

altı-ş-ar

anne-s-i

o-n-un

 

As you see, if there wouldn´t be these letters, it will be hard for us to pronounce and difficult to understand what that person says


If you have more questions, please feel free to ask.

uzma 321 liked this message
10.       uzma 321
16 posts
 29 May 2013 Wed 12:56 pm

thank you faruk for the cordination. i will ask queries after having a glance on my new lesson

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