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Some example of old Turkish vocabulary
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 21 Dec 2013 Sat 08:03 pm

 

The Vocabulary of  Old Turkic Script [ From Orkhun Inscribtions]


 The Orkhon inscriptions (TurkishOrhun Yazıtları also known as Orhon Inscriptions.

 Orhun Inscriptions, and the Khöshöö Tsaidam monuments (MongolianХөшөө цайдам, also spelled Khoshoo TsaidamKoshu-Tsaidam) are two memorial installations erected by the Göktürks written in Old Turkic Alphabet in the early 8th century in the Orkhon Valley  in Mongolia.

 

They were erected in the honor of two Turkic princes, Kul Tigin and his brother Bilge Khagan.


A

Old word             Contemporary word

aç-                         acıkmak

adrıl-                     ayrılmak

agı                         ipekli kumaş, hazine

alkın                      tükenmek, mahvolmak

altun                      altın

amtı                       şimdi

ańıg                       kötü, fena

antag                     öyle, öylece

apa                       ata, ecdat

ar-                       aldatmak

arıl-                      tükenmek, mahvolmak

arkış                     kervan

arkuk                    aksi, inatçı

armakçı                 aldatıcı

artur-                   aldanmak

asra                     aşağıda, altta

aşsız                    yiyeceği olmayan, aşsız

at                        ad, isim

atlıg                    atlı, süvari

ay-                     söylemek, demek

azkıńa                  azıcık

 

azu                      acaba 

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2.       tunci
7149 posts
 21 Dec 2013 Sat 11:06 pm

 

Old word                           Contemporary word

 

balık                                şehir


bar                                   var, mevcut


bar-                                  varmak, gitmek


başlıg                               başı olan, başlı


bay                                   zengin

 

baz                                    bağımlı, tâbi


beg                                    bey


beglik                                bey olacak, bey olmaya lâyık


beŋgü                                 ebedî, sonsuz


ber-                                    vermek  


bıŋ                                      bin, (100


bilig                                   bilgi


biligsiz                               bilgisiz


bir-                                     vermek


birdin                                 güney, güneyde


bir(i)ye                               güneyde


bişük                                   beşik, aynı beşikte yatan, akraba


bod                                      boy, kabile


bodun                                  halk, millet


boguz                                   boğaz


bol-                                      olmak


boşgur                                  öğretmek, akıl vermek


böri                                       kurt


buka                                      boğa


buluŋ                                     taraf


buŋ                                        sıkıntı


buŋsuz                                  sıkıntısız


buyruk                                  kumandan


 

buz-                                      bozmak, bozguna uğratmak 

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3.       Abla
3647 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 11:04 am

There is no ŋ any more in Turkish (not even in the pronounciation), right?

4.       tunci
7149 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 02:38 pm

 

Quoting Abla

There is no ŋ any more in Turkish (not even in the pronounciation), right?

 

"Nazal n " or  " Velar n " or  "Genizsel n " is not shown in Turkish Alphabet. However, in many regional dialects it is alive and used. Although it is abolished in İstanbul Turkish, it is still surviving in dialects .

For example, when people in Interior Anatolia say " nörüyon " , that "n" is "nazal n".

Another example ---> donuz  [ the way of pronouncation  "domuz" in dialects ]

 

English words which ends with "ng " , the last sound is "nazal n".

 Coming   ---> ŋ  --> ng 

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