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Coding the verbal adjective suffixes
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 01:20 am

 

Coding the verbal adjective suffixes

 

To remember them easily , we can encode them as one sentence ;

 

An ası -  mez  ar  -  dik ecek miş  --à Anası mezar dikecekmiş. [His mother will put a grave up ]

 

 

-An [en]


Yaralanan   yolcular hastaneye kaldırıldı. à Injured passengers were taken to the hospital.

 VA [Verbal adjective]

 

-ası [esi]

 

Kırılası ellerınle mi vurdun bu küçük çocuğa ? -à Did you hit this little child with your damned hands ?

VA

 

-mez [maz]


Geriye dönülmez bir karar aldılar. -à They have made an irreversible decision.

VA

 

-ar [er]

 

Koşar adımlarla yanıma geldi. -à She came to me like running steps. [with so quick steps like running]

VA

 

-dik [dık,duk,dük ]

 

Akşama kadar aramadık yer bırakmadılar. -à literally :  They didn’t leave any place that they didn’t search. In other words -à They searched everywhere.

 

-ecek [acak]

 

Gelecek yıl İstanbul’a gideceğiz.  -à We will go to İstanbul next year.

 VA

 

-        miş [mış,muş, müş ]

Sararmış yapraklar her tarafı  kaplamış.-à Yellowed leaves covered everywhere.

 VA                                              [Leaves that turned yellow covered everywhere. ]

Moha-ios, Lololooo and Abla liked this message
2.       Abla
3647 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 10:51 am

And why should every Turkish learner know an adjective from a noun?

3.       tunci
7149 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 05:06 pm

 

Quoting Abla

And why should every Turkish learner know an adjective from a noun?

 

They don´t have to learn but it is good to know them.

Following listed the suffixes that alter nouns into adjectives.

 

   

       Ekler [Suffixes]

 

  

     Örnekler [Examples]

  

     Ekler [Suffixes]

   

    Örnekler [Examples]

-

      cı,-ci,-cu,-cü

 

    Şaka-

 

    Joker  [ person ]

 

-

        li,-lı,-lu,-lü

  

   Toz-lu,      çocuk-lu

   Dusty,  ,                      The person who has childeren

 

-

    cıl,-cil,-cul,cül

  

    Ben-cil (insan)     

  

    Selfish [ person]

 

-

       deki,-daki

  

    Ev-deki,bahçe-deki

 

   The one in the house

   The one in the garden

 

    

     çıl,-çil,-çul,çül

 

  

 Kır-çıl (kumaş

 

    grizzled [fabric]

 

 

-

 

    lik,-lık,-luk,-lük

  

 

    turşu-luk

  

    pickling  [something suitable to make pickle]

-

    Inci,-ıncı,-üncü,-uncu

 

   Bir-inci,         iki-nci

 

    First ,            Second

 

 

    -msar,-msar

 

    Kötü-mser,kara-msar    

   

     pessimistic

     den,-dan

 

    Can-dan,          sıra-dan 

   

   sincere,              ordinary

 

-

     sı,-si,-su,-sü

 

   Çocuk-su  ,    kadın-

 

    Childish      Feminine

         de

  

   Göz-de,       söz-de favorite               so-called

 

    sız,-siz,-suz,-süz

  

   Sayı-sız,       akıl-sız 

   

   Countless    foolish

   

 

4.       Abla
3647 posts
 22 Dec 2013 Sun 09:13 pm

 

Quoting Abla

And why should every Turkish learner know an adjective from a noun?

 

In my opinion it is one of the most important distinctions in Turkish syntax, because in compounds

 

                        ADJECTIVE + HEAD IN NOMINATIVE

                        NOUN + HEAD IN GENITIVE

 

Often in texts this simple rule alone indicates which constituents belong together.

 

What is funny about it is that most adjectives can function as nouns and many nouns also make perfect adjectives. The borderlines between parts of speech are far from strict. Talking about noun-like usage and adjective-like usage would be closer to the truth maybe.

 

So, I asked my question because I wanted to point out how important this topic is.

tunci liked this message
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