1. Negatives of nouns and adjectives
To make a noun or adjective negative, add the word değil at the end of the adjective or noun.
2. Negatives of verbs
To make a verb negative, add the suffix -me at the root of the verb.
to come --> gel-mek
not to come --> gel-me-mek (the negating suffix is always added at the verb root)
Note how the suffix is added at the root. This is always the case. A verb may have many suffixes, but the negating suffix is always immediately after the verb root. All the other suffixes follow as if they are being added to the positive of the verb.
gel-di --> geldi --> he came
gel-me-di --> gelmedi --> he did not come
ol-mak ya da ol-ma-mak --> olmak ya da olmamak --> to be or not to be
3. There is, there is not
In Turkish, there are special words for there is and there is not. In particular:
Let's make sentences with these words:
The words 'var' and 'yok' are more important than this, since they are used when you want to say "I have" or "I don't have" as well. In Turkish, to say "I have something", you say "There is my something". Let's give examples: