There are 5 fundamental tenses in Turkish. These are:
In the basic grammar lessons, we will cover the present continuous tense and the future tense. Rest will be covered in the intermediate level lessons.
To start with, let's review some verbs we'll use in the following lessons and their meanings:
gelmek --> to come
gitmek --> to go
okumak --> to read
kapatmak --> to close
koşmak --> to run
aramak --> to call
konuşmak --> to talk
vermek --> to give
kaynamak --> to boil
çalışmak --> to work
yemek --> to eat
beklemek --> to wait
The meaning of tenses are given using some suffixes. There are some important properties common to all these suffixes denoting tense:
2. Future tense (Gelecek zaman)
The suffix for future tense in Turkish is -ecek. There are not two different cases like in English will and is going to. Future tense is always constructed using the suffix -ecek. The uses of the Turkish future tense is just like a union of the uses of will and going to in English.
Future tense is used only for verbs, it is not meaningful for nouns and adjectives.
Future tense of a verb is constructed this way:
When you want to append the suffix -ecek to a verb that ends with a vowel, you add the fusion consonant 'y' between the verb and the suffix to separate the two vowels. Otherwise, just simply add the suffix -ecek. Be careful about the harmony rules though, as always. Let's see how future tense is obtained using some example verbs:
To see the use of future tense with different cases of person, check the following table: