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Verbs / Subtitle III - Locative Form

 

 

Hello friends. Welcome lesson.

 

I have told for two times about Locative Form at Beginner Level Lessons. But I am going to tell it for one more time for you to understand it better.

 

Locative form has got four vowel, "-de, -da, -te, and -ta" which change according to both Consonant Mutation and Vowel Harmony.

 

With a simple table, let´s see the usage of suffixes:

 

I have prepared this table for both Consonant Mutuation and Vowel Harmony. Read it for a minute

Last Vowel

Last Consonant

Suffix

e, i, ö, ü

Soft Consonants

-de

a, 覺, o, u

Soft Consonants

-da

e, i, ö, ü

p, ç, t, k, s, , h

-te

a, 覺, o, u

p, ç, t, k, s, , h

-ta

 

 

 

 

Let´s use "kap覺" noun at Locative form: Kap覺 ends with a vowel, so we will accept it as "soft consotant ended". And ends with "覺". According to the table, we will use "-da"

 

Kap覺 + da : Kap覺da

 

Let´s to the same for "breathe / soluk" noun. Soluk ends with "k", which is a hard consonant. And last vowel is "u". Table says use "-ta"

 

Soluk + ta: Solukta

 

I have prepared a table for usage of Locative Form at some nouns:

English Word

Meaning/Nom.Form

Locative Form

house

ev

evde

car

araba

arabada

building

bina

binada

tree

aaç

aaçta

garden

bahçe

bahçede

book

kitap

kitapta

door

kap覺

kap覺da

chair

sandalye

sandalyede

table

masa

masada

school

okul

okulda

student

örenci

örencide

song

ark覺

ark覺da

notebook

defter

defterde

driver

oför

oförde

 

 

And, Locative Form for Personal Pronouns:

 

Personal Pronoun

Locative Form

ben

bende

sen

sende

o

onda

biz

bizde

siz

sizde

onlar

onlarda

 

 

thx

turkishcobra //


shemo_as, february, Danko, angsak and tancu liked this lesson


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