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LESSON 6

 

LESSON 6 

Verb "to be" : "to become" : "olmak"

The verb "to be" is used as a suffix after nouns, adjectives, adverbs etc for the present continous tense.At the beginning of the sentence pronouns, such as "ben, sen, o, ..." can be used even for  slight emphasis, but are not necessary.

Verb Personal Suffixes Endings: V.P.E

I                    (ben)            -´(y)4m:                                      I am

you                  (sen)                -´s4n                                     you are… (singular)

he,she,it          (o)                   - no ending or -´D4r                   he, she, it is…

we                  (biz)                  -´(y)4z                                   we are…

you                  (siz)              -´s4n4z                           you are…(formal,singular or plural)

they                 (onlar) -no ending, -l2´r                                   they are

If "onlar" is used no ending is necessary in a third person  plural sentence. Without "onlar" -l2r is used to distinguish it from the third person  singular. For the "they" form it is also possible to use -D4r l2r or -l2r D4r. Examples:

iyi : well ,                                                                                                                              yorgun : tired.

ben                  iyi—yim                      I am well               yorgun--um       I am tired 

sen                  iyi--sin                        you are well        yorgun--sun      you are tired (singular)

   o                   iyi--(dir),-                  he is well           yorgun--(dur),-  he is tired

biz                   iyi--yiz                     we are well          yorgun--uz        we are tired

siz                    iyi—siniz               you are well         yorgun--sunuz  you are tired (plural formal)

onlar               iyi--ler                   they are well          yorgun--lar       they are tired

iyi--dirler                                      they are well           yorgun--durlar  they are tired

iyi--lerdir                                      they are well           yorgun--lard覺r  they are tired 

onlar               iyi--                        they are well           yorgun-          they are tired

As we know after  words ending in vowels and before  suffixes  that begin with vowels we must use the  buffer "y".

The verb "to be" : "olmak" will be shown in further pages.

The negative "deil" : "is not"  also takes the same suffixes.

deil--im                     襤yi deilim :                 I´m not well.

deil--sin                     Hasta deilsin :             You´re not sick.

deil--                         (O) Yorgun deil :          He´s not tired.

deil--iz                       evde deiliz :               We´re not at home.

deil--siniz                  Turist deilsiniz:             You´re not  (a) tourist(s).

deil--ler                     (Onlar) öretmen deiller:  They´re not teachers.

When we ask a question, the Question Suffix -m4 comes before the verb Personal Suffixes except for the "they" form.

Iyi miyim?:             "Am I well ?"                  Iyi deil miyim? :            "Am I not well?"   

Iyi misin?:              "Are you well ?"             Iyi deil misin? :             "Are you not well?"

Iyi mi?:                   "Is he, she well"              Iyi deil mi?:                  "Is he, she not well?"

Iyi miyiz?:              "Are we well ?"              Iyi deil miyiz?:          "Are we not well?":   

Iyi misiniz?:            "Are you well ?"             Iyi deil misiniz?:       "Are you not well?": 

Iyiler mi?:              "Are they well ?"            Iyi deiller mi?:                "Are they not well?": 

"Deil mi?" means "isn´t it?".When it is used after a declarative sentence.  A comma is placed between the declarative part of the sentence  and “ deil mi?”

Hava güzel, deil mi? :                                  The weather is nice, isn´t it?

Iyisiniz, deil mi? :                                         You are well, aren´t you?

Evdeler, deil mi? :                                        They´re at home, aren´t they?

Evde deilsiniz, deil mi? :                             You´re not at home, are you?

Hasta deilim, deil mi? :                               I´m not sick, am I?

 

DIALOGUE

 GÜNAYDIN

Sema: Günayd覺n Y覺ld覺z, nas覺ls覺n?

Y覺ld覺z : 襤yiyim, saol. Sen nas覺ls覺n?

Sema: Ben de iyiyim. Bugün hava çok güzel deil mi?

Y覺ld覺z: Evet, yamur yok, rüzgar da yok

Sema: Çocuklar nas覺l, buradalar m覺?

Y覺ld覺z: Onlar da  çok iyiler. Bugün evdeler.

 

GOOD MORN襤NG

Sema: Good morning Y覺ld覺z, how are you?

Y覺ld覺z : I’m fine thank you, how are you?

Sema: I’m fine. Isn’t the weather beautiful today?

Y覺ld覺z: Yes, it’s not raining or windy.

Sema: How are the children, are they here?

Y覺ld覺z: They are fine too. Today they are at home.

 

EXERCICES

1)Ben iyi................ I´m fine

2) sen hasta........    You´re sick

3) o rahat.......         He´s confortable

4) biz burada........... We´re here

5) (Siz) nas覺l...........   How are you?

6) Ekmekler kutuda....   The breads are in the box

7) Ben avukat deil..... I´m not  a lawyer

8) siz bugün neeli deil...... You aren´t joyful today

9) Ben hasta ................. Am I sick?

10 Onlar ite .....?   Are they at work?

11) Biz çal覺kan .........? Are we hardworker?

12) sen öretmen .......? Are you a teacher?

13) Sen örenci deil....... aren´t you a student?- neg+ int

14) Biz ak覺ll覺 deil............ aren´t we intelligent?

15) Bardaklar dolapta ...............15) The glasses aren´t in the cupboard

 

Answers

1) ben iyiyim   2) sen hastas覺n  3 )rahat   4) buraday覺z    5) nas覺ls覺n覺z? 6 kutuda  or kutudalar

7) ben avukat deilim 8) deilsiniz 9) Ben hasta m覺y覺m?   10) onlar ite mi? 11) çal覺kan m覺y覺z?

12)Sen öretmen  misin? 13) deil misin?   14) deil miyiz? 15)....dolapta  OR dolaptalar

 

 

 


Bridget, alexandrabotez@, ode616, jassminche and Danko liked this lesson


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