Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

LESSON 9 -MODIFIED NOUNS AND GENITIVES

GENITIVE AND MODIFIED NOUNS

 

 Modified Nouns :

The second noun  is modified or specified by the first one. The first noun doesn’t change but the second takes (s) 4.

Modified Nouns examples :

 If the first noun is a material neither the words take any  suffixe :

Demir kap覺: Iron door,  ipek gömlek: silk shirt.

But if the second noun is specified by the fist one and it is not acting as an adjective then it takes (s)4. 襤f the vowel ending then needs s as  a buffer.

Bahçe kap覺s覺: the door of any garden (indefinite)

In case we have more than one syllable for the second noun  : last vowel changes:

k     softens as        or  p   softens as     b  ;  t     softens as    d       ç    becomes      c

matematik kitap                 matematik kitab覺

yemek tabak                     yemek taba覺

Ömür yourt                      Ömür yourdu

elma aaç                         elma aac覺

 If the second noun is one syllable , the  k, p, t  don’t change.

Tenis top                 Tenis topu      

Koyun sütü,     kuzu eti,  yumurta ak覺, kad覺n saç覺

 

Genitive examples: First noun  is definite and takes also (n) 4n second noun  is related to first one or belongs to it. Second noun takes always (s) 4.

Ahmet’in arabas覺 : -----(n)4n        ------------(s)4

(n) 4n parts  is called genitive

Ahmet’s car.

Bahçenin kap覺s覺: the door of the garden (definite) or a definite  garden’s door.(definite)

Onun elbisesinin rengi beyaz: the colour of her dress is white .

compound nouns in the  chain : araban覺n kap覺s覺n覺n rengi beyaz: the coulour of the car´s door is white.

 EXERC襤CES:

Genitive exercises:

………………

 

Ev/kap覺 (indefinite)……………………………..

Bahçe/ duvar (indefinite)

Erkek /gömlek

Kad覺n /ayakkab覺………………………………………………..

Otomobil/lastik (indefinite)…………………………….

Erkek/ pabuç……………………………………………………

Kad覺n/ apka………………………….

Çocuk /oyuncak…………………..

Yüz/krem…………………….

Karbon/ ka覺t………………………………..

Uyku/ hap…………………………….

Tatl覺/ ka覺k……………………………….

Çay/ süzgeç…………………………………..

Futbol maç……………………………………………………..

Aaç /kök…………………………………………………………..

Genitive exercises:

Annem/ çanta……………………………………..

Yan komu/ bebek…………………………………………..

Bu lamba/ ampul: definite……………………..

Arkada覺m/ araba…………………………..

Bizim bakkal/ dükkan…………………………..

Gülay’/elbise…………

Aaç/  kök…………………………….. (tree’s root)

Havaalan覺/taksi………………………….

Babakan/ araba…………………………………………


Answers 

Modified nouns :(first noun is indefinite)

Ev/kap覺 (indefinite)…… ev kap覺s覺 : house´s door

Bahçe/ duvar (indefinite) bahçe duvar覺 :          garden´s wall

Erkek /gömlek  erkek gömlei:                        man´s shirt

Kad覺n /ayakkab覺………… kad覺n ayakkab覺s覺 :         woman´s shoe

Otomobil/lastik (indefinite)………otomobil lastii: car´s tyre

Erkek/ pabuç……………erkek pabucu                 man´s shoe

Kad覺n/ apka……………kad覺n apkas覺                 woman´s hat

Çocuk /oyuncak…………çocuk oyunca覺            child´s toy

Yüz/krem…………………….yüz kremi                    face cream

Uyku/ hap………………………uyku hap覺                  sleeping pill

Tatl覺/ ka覺k………………tatl覺 ka覺覺                       dessert spoon.

Çay/ süzgeç……………çay süzgeci…………………   …tea drainer  (strainer)..

Futbol maç…………………futbol maç覺                   football game 

Aaç /kök……………………aaç kökü……………        tree´s root

Genitive answers  (first noun is definite )

Annem/ çanta……………………annemin çantas覺……………..My mother´s bag

Yan komu/ bebek: yan komunun bebei :next door neighbour´s baby

Bu lamba/ ampul: definite : bu lamban覺n ampulu This lamp´s bulb

Arkada覺m/ araba:  arkada覺m覺n arabas覺 : my friend´s car

Bizim bakkal/ dükkan…………bizim bakkal覺n dükkan覺  our grocer´s store..

Gülay’/elbise…………Gülay´覺n elbisesi: Gülay´s dress

Aaç/  kök………aac覺n kökü…………………….. (tree’s root)

Havaalan覺/taksi………havaalan覺n覺n taksisi……The taxi of the airport…………….

Babakan/ araba……………babakan覺n  arabas覺………Prime minister´s car……

Note : put a verb at the end you have a complete sentence 

 Bu kad覺n覺n apkas覺 çok komik: this lady´s hat is very funny

Burada kad覺n apkas覺 var m覺? Is there (any) woman´s hat here?

Burada hiç kad覺n apkas覺 yok. there isn´t any woman´s hat here.

Bir tatl覺 ka覺覺 istiyorum: I want a dessert spoon

Bu tatl覺 ka覺覺 pis: This dessert spoon is dirty

Bir ev kap覺s覺 sat覺n almak istiyorum. I want to buy a house door.

Evimin kap覺s覺 aç覺k: My house´s door is open.

 

 

 

 


alexandrabotez@ liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Lessons by Zumrut59

View all lessons in this class - Lessons by Zumrut59

View All Turkish Classes




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
To have your
denizli: Thankyou!
T-E: rahmet vs minnetle anyioruz
gokuyum: Maybe it can be translated as "We remember him with mercy and ...
10 Kas覺m
og2009: I think scientific criticism is useful for people.
E-T I am more of a listner than talker
Leo S: harp00n, you used "kendi ... but could we have used "kendim hakk...
Turkish spelling and pronunciation guide
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: Now with audio.
29 EK襤M CUMHUR襤YET BAYRAMI織NIN 96. YILI...
tunci: 29 EK襤M ... ... 96. YILI HERKESE KUTLU OLSUN !
E-T: I am shocked I tell you, shocked.
harp00n: Sana ... ok oldum. ok...
Question
qdemir: The ... is OK. ... translates as ... You may omit ... Ben ondan &ccedi...
Question
denizli: (sorry ...
possessive case help me..
mrdr: Hi,Could you please write whole sentence? If I know the sentence,...
TURK-ENG. .THX...
mrdr: Hi, This is more difficult than other sentence. I try to translate. ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented