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expressing obligations, necessities - 1

Indeed I had explained the pattern of "zorunda olmak" before too but I wanted to repeat together with "-meli".

 

INFINITIVE zorunda PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
-mek zorunda im -mek zorunday覺m I have to ...
-mek zorunda s覺n -mek zorundas覺n you have to ...
-mek zorunda - -mek zorunda he has to ...
-mek zorunda iz -mek zorunday覺z we have to ...
-mek zorunda s覺n覺z -mek zorundas覺n覺z you have to ...
-mek zorunda lar -mek zorundalar they have to ...

 

NEGATIVE SUFFIX INFINITIVE zorunda PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
-me -mek zorunda im -memek zorunday覺m I mustn´t ...
-me -mek zorunda s覺n -memek zorundas覺n you mustn´t ...
-me -mek zorunda - -memek zorunda he mustn´t ...
-me -mek zorunda iz -memek zorunday覺z we mustn´t ...
-me -mek zorunda s覺n覺z -memek zorundas覺n覺z you mustn´t ...
-me -mek zorunda lar -memek zorundalar they mustn´t ...

 

INFINITIVE zorunda NEGATIVE PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
-mek zorunda deil im -mek zorunda deilim I don´t have to ...
-mek zorunda deil sin -mek zorunda deilsin you don´t have to ...
-mek zorunda deil - -mek zorunda deil he doesn´t have to ...
-mek zorunda deil iz -mek zorunda deiliz we don´t have to ...
-mek zorunda deil siniz -mek zorunda deilsiniz you don´t have to ...
-mek zorunda deil ler -mek zorunda deiller they don´t have to ...

 

söylemek (to say)

her ey (everything)

uymak (1to obey, 2to be suit, to accept, 3...4..)

 

söyle+dik+m--------------------->söylediim (that/what I said/say)

söylediim her ey (everything I said/say)

her ey+e(dative)--------------->her eye (to everything)

 

Söylediim her eye uymak zorundas覺n覺z. (You have to obey everything I say)

 

bahçe (the garden)

ç覺kmak (1to go out, 2to ascend, 3to exit, 4..5.6..)

izin almak (to get permission)

 

bahçe+e(dative)-------------------->bahçeye (to the garden)

bahçeye ç覺kmak için (so as to go out into the garden)

 

Bahçeye ç覺kmak için izin almak zorunda deiliz. (We don´t have to get permission to go to the garden.)

 

sefer, defa, kez, kere (time)

her sefer, her defa (every time)

ayn覺 (same)

söz (the word, the speech)

dinlemek (to listen)

 

her sefer+i(poss.)+de(loc.)------------------->her seferinde (at every turn)

=her defa+覺(pos.)+da(loc.)------------------->her defas覺nda

söz+ler+i(acc.)------------------------------>sözleri

ayn覺 sözleri dinlemek (to listen to the same words)

 

Her seferinde ayn覺 sözleri dinlemek zorunda m覺y覺m? (Do I have to listen to the same words at every turn?)

 

alt覺 (six)

otobüs (the bus)

kaç覺rmak (1to miss, 2to kidnap, to abduct 3to give off, 4...6..8...13..)

buçuk (1: 0,5, 1/2, 2: :30)

beklemek (11to wait, 2to expect)

yetimek (1to grow, 2to catch (train, bus, car,..), to reach, 3to be educated, to take education, 4...5...6..7....)

sekiz (eight)

 

alt覺 otobüs+i(poss.)----------------->alt覺 otobüsü (the bus that pulls away at six o´clock)

alt覺 buçuk (1. 6,5 , 2. 6:30)

alt覺 buçuk otobüsü (the bus that pulls away at half past six o´clock.)

sekiz otobüsü (the bus that pulls away at eight o´clock.)

 

alt覺 otobüs+ü+ü(acc.)--------------->alt覺 otobüsünü

kaç覺r+d覺k+m覺z için------------------->kaç覺rd覺覺m覺z için (because we missed/miss)

bekle+ecek+iz---------------------->bekleyeceiz (we will wait)

o+a(dat.)-------------------------->ona (to it)

ona da (to it too, also to it)

yeti+me+z+se+k------------------->yetimezsek (if we don´t catch)

ona da yetimezsek (if we also don´t catch it (direct: if we also don´t reach to it))

 

Alt覺 otobüsünü kaç覺rd覺覺m覺z için alt覺 buçuk otobüsünü beklemek zorunday覺z. Ona da yetimezsek sekiz otobüsünü bekleyeceiz. (We have to wait for the bus of half past six o´clock because we missed the bus of six o´clock. We will wait for the bus of eight o´clock if we also don´t catch it.)

 

s覺k覺lmak (to get bored)

bir ey (something)

yapmak (to do)

 

s覺k覺l+ma+mak-------------->s覺k覺lmamak (not to get bored)

bir ey+ler---------------->bir eyler (plural of "something")

 

zorunda+idi+m------------>zorundayd覺m (I had to)

 

S覺k覺lmamak için bir eyler yapmak zorundayd覺m. (I had to do something so as not to get bored.)

 

borç (1the debt, 2the loan)

zaman覺nda (on time)

ödemek (to pay)

iki (two)

kat (1the floor (in a building), 2time (multiplying))

zorunda kalmak (to be obliged to ("kalmak" when only one way remained and there is no way else))

 

borç+m+覺-------------------->borcumu (my debt (acc.))

öde+me+z ise+m------------->ödemezsem (if i don´t pay)

iki kat+覺(poss.)+ile------------>iki kat覺yla (with double)

 

Borcumu zaman覺nda ödemezsem iki kat覺yla ödemek zorunda kalaca覺m. (I will be obliged to pay my debt double price if I don´t pay on time.)

 

ay (1the moon (Ay), 2the month)

beklemek (1to wait, 2to expect)

ayr覺ca (besides)

be (five)

yüz (hundred)

elli (fifty)

lira (our monetary unit)

gibi (like)

para (the money)

vermek (1to give, 2....3..4...5..6...7to pay, 8....9.)

kalmak (1to stay, 2to remain 3..4....6...7.)

gezi (the trip, the journey)

kat覺lmak (to join)

vazgeçmek (to abandon)

plan (the plan)

iptal etmek (to cancel)

Japonya (Japan)

mutlaka (absolutely, certainly)

gitmek (to go)

 

ay+lar+d覺r(since)------------------->aylard覺r (for the months)

bekle+yor+di+m-------------------->bekliyordum (i was waiting)

 

be yüz (five hundred)

be yüz elli (five hundred and fifty)

be yüz elli lira gibi (like fifty liras)

be yüz elli lira gibi bir para (a money like fifty liras)

be yüz elli lira gibi bir para da (also a money like fifty liras)

ver+di+m-------------------------->verdim (i gave)

kal+ma+mak----------------------->kalmamak (not to stay)

burada kalmamak zorunday覺m (i mustn´t stay here)

gezi+e(dat.)----------------------->geziye (to the trip)

kat覺l+acak+覺m---------------------->kat覺laca覺m (i will join)

plan+lar+m+覺----------------------->planlar覺m覺 (my plans (acc.))

iptal et+me+ecek+im--------------->iptal etmeyeceim (i won´t cancel)

Japonya+a(dative)----------------->Japonya´ya (to Japan)

git+ecek+im----------------------->gideceim (i will go)

 

Aylard覺r bekliyordum. Ayr覺ca be yüz elli lira gibi bir para da verdim. Burada kalmamak zorunday覺m. O geziye kat覺laca覺m. Planlar覺m覺 iptal etmeyeceim. Japonya´ya mutlaka gideceim. (I had been waiting for the months. Besides, I also paid money like five hundred and fifty liras. I mustn´t stay here. I will join that journey. I won´t cancel my plans. I will certainly go to Japan.)


mira 25, Moha-ios and anglishka liked this lesson


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