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expressing obligations, necessities - 2

We can translate "-meli" into English for both of "must" and "should". By the way, the guessing meaning which is at "must" is the same at us too.


I´m going to show on the chart only as "must", don´t think the meaning of "should" is expressed in a different way.


  meli im -meliyim I must ...
  meli sin -melisin you must ...
  meli - -meli he must ...
  meli iz -meliyiz we must ...
  meli siniz -melisiniz you must ...
  meli ler -meliler they must ...


dokuz (nine)

i (1the work, 2the business, 3the job, 4something to do)

yer (1the place, 2the earth, 3the ground, the floor)

olmak (to be, ..............)


dokuz+da(locative)----------------------->dokuzda (at nine)

i yer+i(poss.)--------------------------->i yeri (1the workplace, the working place 2the workshop, the working place)

i yer+i+de------------------------------->i yerinde (in the workplace)

ol+mal覺+覺m-------------------------------->olmal覺y覺m (i must be)


Dokuzda i yerinde olmal覺y覺m. (I must be at the workplace at nine o´clock)


hava (1the weather, 2the air, 3.........4......5...)

yamur (the rain)

yava (slow)

gitmek (to go)


yamur+l覺-------------------->yamurlu (rainy)

git+meli+iz------------------->gitmeliyiz (we must go)


Hava yamurlu, yava gitmeliyiz. (The weather is rainy, we should go slowly.)


gece (the night)

bu gece (tonight (direct: this night))

hava (1the weather, 2the air, 3...5...6...)

souk (cold)

olmak (to be.....)

bura (this place, here)

kalmak (1to stay, 2the remain, 3..4..)


ol+acak+m覺-------------------->olacakm覺 (remember the suffix "-m覺")

bu gece de (tonight too)

bura+da(locative)--------------->burada (here)

kal+mal覺+lar--------------------->kalmal覺lar (they must stay)


Bu gece hava çok souk olacakm覺. Bu gece de burada kalmal覺lar. (The weather will too cold tonight. They must stay here tonight too.)


genel (general)

cerrah (the surgeon)

olarak (as)

her ey (everything)

bilmek (to know)


genel cerrah (the general surgeon)

genel cerrah olarak (as (a) general surgeon)

her ey+i--------------->her eyi (everything (accusative))

bil+meli+sin------------->bilmelisin (you must know)


Genel cerrah olarak her eyi bilmelisin. (You must know everything as a general surgeon.)


programlama (programming)

dil (1the tongue, 2the language)

hiçbir (any, none of, no)

ayr覺nt覺 (the detail)

atlamak (1to jump, 2to skip, to omit, 3...4..5...)


dil+ler------------------------->diller (languages)

programlama dil+ler+i----------->programlama dilleri (the programming languages)

programlama dil+ler+i+de------->programlama dillerinde (in the programming languages)

hiçbir ayr覺nt覺 (none of details)


hiçbir ayr覺nt覺y覺 (none of details (accusative))

atla+ma(negative)+mal覺+s覺n----->atlamamal覺s覺n (you mustn´t skip)


Programlama dillerinde hiçbir ayr覺nt覺y覺 atlamamal覺s覺n. (You mustn´t omit any of details in the programming languages.)


ne (what)

öretmek (to teach)


öret+meli+iz---------------->öretmeliyiz (we must teach)


Ne öretmeliyiz? (What must we teach?)


hâlâ, daha (yet, still)

susmak (1to stop talking, 2not to talk, to keep quite)


sen+ce-------------------------->sence (in your oppinion)

sus+mal覺 m覺+覺z-------------------->susmal覺 m覺y覺z? (must we keep quite?)


Sence hâlâ susmal覺 m覺y覺z? (In your opinion must we still keep quite?)


hangi (which)

seçmek (to choose)

bilmek (to know)


hangi+i(poss.)+i(acc.)------------------->hangisini (which one (accusative))

seç+meli+im----------------------------->seçmeliyim (i must choose)

seç+me+meli+im------------------------->seçmemeliyim (i mustn´t choose)

bil+me+yor+im-------------------------->bilmiyorum (i don´t know)


Hangisini seçmeliyim, hangisini seçmemeliyim, bilmiyorum. (I don´t know, which one I must choose and which one I mustn´t choose)


kendi (oneself)

mümkün olduunca, mümkün olduu kadar (as much as possible)

gelitirmek (to improve (transitive))

özellikle (notably, especially)

otuz (thirty)

ya (1age, 2wet)

önce (before, ago)

-den önce (before)


kendi+n(poss.)+i(accusative)----------->kendini (yourself (accusative))

gelitir+meli+sin------------------------>gelitirmelisin (you must improve)

otuz ya+n(poss.)+dan önce------------>otuz ya覺ndan önce (before your thirty age)


Kendini mümkün olduunca gelitirmelisin. Özellikle otuz ya覺ndan önce. (You should improve yourself as much as possible. Especially before your thirtieth age.)





- Using "-meli" with "idi, imi, ise" -


There is no difference.


meli idi m -meliydim I must have ...
meli idi n -meliydin you must have ...
meli idi - -meliydi he must have ...
meli idi k -meliydik we must have ...
meli idi niz -meliydiniz you must have ...









they must have ...


meli imi im -meliymiim
meli imi sin -meliymisin
meli imi - -meliymi
meli imi iz -meliymiiz
meli imi siniz -meliymisiniz










meli ise m -meliysem if i must ...
meli ise n -meliysen if you must ...
meli ise - -meliyse if he must ...
meli ise k -meliysek if we must ...
meli ise niz -meliyseniz if you must ...









if they must ...


güzel (nice, beautiful)

maç (the match)

kaç覺rmak (1to miss, 2...3.4..)


çok güzel (very nice)

bir maç (a match)

bir maç+覺d覺------------------------>bir maçt覺 (it was a match)

çok güzel bir maç (a very nice match)

çok güzel bir maçt覺 (it was a very nice match)

kaç覺r+ma+mal覺+idi+n--------------->kaç覺rmamal覺yd覺n (you shouldn´t have missed)


Çok güzel bir maçt覺, kaç覺rmamal覺yd覺n. (It was a very nice match, you shouldn´t have missed.)


bence (in my opinion)

... yerine (instead of ...)

almak (1to take, 2to buy,3...4..5..)


yer+i(poss.)+e(dative)-------------->yerine (to its place)

A yerine B (B instead of A)

al+mal覺+覺d覺+n----------------------->almal覺yd覺n (you must have taken)


Bence bir Honda yerine bir Toyota almal覺yd覺n. (You should have bought a Toyota instead of a Honda in my opinion)


tamam (okay, ok)

ba覺rmak (to shout)

ama, fakat (but)

hak (1the right, 2the authority, 3the justice, 4...5..)

savunmak (to defend)


ba覺r+ma+mal覺+idi+m-------------->ba覺rmamal覺yd覺m (i mustn´t have shouted)

hak+m--------------------------->hakk覺m (my right) (original shape of the work "hak" is "hakk". remember the derivating of the consonant)

hak+m+覺------------------------->hakk覺m覺 (my right (accusative))

hakk覺m覺 da (also my right (acc.) / my right too (acc.))

savun+ma+mal覺 m覺+idi+m---------->savunmamal覺 m覺yd覺m? (mustn´t i have defended?)


Tamam, ba覺rmamal覺yd覺m; ama hakk覺m覺 da savunmamal覺 m覺yd覺m? (Okay, I shouldn´t have shouted, but shouldn´t I also must have assert my right?)


hiç kimse (nobody)

duymak (to hear)

niye, neden (why)

yüksek (high)

ses (1the voice, 2the sound)

söylemek (to say, to tell)


duy+ma+mal覺+ise------------------------>duymamal覺ysa (if he mustn´t hear)

bu+覺(accusative)------------------------>bunu (this (accusative))

yüksek ses ((direct: high voice) the blare)

yüksek ses+ile-------------------------->yüksek sesle ((direct: with/by high voice) loudly, aloud)

söyle+yor+sin--------------------------->söylüyorsun (you are saying)


Hiç kimse duymamal覺ysa bunu neden yüksek sesle söylüyorsun? (Why are you saying this aloud if nobody must hear?)


ödev (the homework)

son (latest)

perembe (Thursday)

gün (the day)

teslim etmek (to hand over)

kim (who)

söylemek (to say)

kendi (oneself, one´s own)


ödev+ler+miz+i-------------------->ödevlerimizi (our homeworks (accusative))

en son (latest)

perembe gün+i(poss.)------------->perembe günü (direct: Thursday day)

teslim et+meli+imi+iz-------------->teslim etmeliymiiz (we must hand over (learning and then telling)

söyle+di--------------------------->söyledi (he said)

öretmen+in kendi+i---------------->öretmenin kendisi (the teacher´s own)


-Ödevlerimizi en son perembe günü teslim etmeliymiiz. (We must hand over our homeworks on Thursday latest)

-Kim söyledi? (Who said?)

-Öretmenin kendisi. (Teacher´s own)

View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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