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Aspendos: Words from the Past
1.       Roswitha
4132 posts
 10 Apr 2008 Thu 01:59 am

I truly enjoyed my visit there!
“I am Azitawadda, the blessed of Baal, the servant of Baal, whom Awariku made powerful, king of the Daniuna. Baal made me a father and mother to the Daniuna. I have restored the Daniuna. I have expanded the country of the Plain of Adana from the rising of the sun to its setting. In my days the Daniuna had everything good and plenty to eat…”

These words, taken from a unique tablet (written in both Hittite and Phoenician), from the eighth century B.C. and found at Karatepe (near the Mediterranean coastal city of Adana), relate to the possible founder of the city that we know today as Aspendos. The tablet continues to inform us that Azitawadda (who was king of Adana) was of the Mopsus dynasty and Greek legend tells us that the city was founded by Argive and Thessalian colonists escaping from ill-fated Troy and led by the hero Mopsus. It is presumed that Azitawadda gave his own name to the city as a variant appears as Estwediiys on early Greek silver coins minted in the city.

Aspendos rarely plays any important political or historical role in antiquity and the tales, voices and names of its citizens are scant in what records exist today. However, we do know that it became a Persian vassal in 546 B.C., but it is understood that the Persian control over the city was fairly easy going. That is until 467 B.C. when the Greek military commander and statesman, Cimon, defeated the Persians in a sea and land battle on the banks of the river Eurymedon, which flows by Aspendos. After routing the Persian fleet, it is said by Diodorus Siculus, that Cimon had his troops disguised as Persian hostages. When they landed, they were able to enter the Persian camp unmolested, the Persians capitulating in the ensuing fighting. Aspendos now had become part of the Delian League.

Athens and Persia concluded a peace treaty in 449 B.C. and Persia was given back its control over Pamphylia (the region in which Aspendos resides). In 389 B.C. Thrasybulus, the Athenian commander, set out on a money making cruise around Asia Minor with the intent of rebuilding Athens' weak resources after her defeat in the Peloponnesian War. On arriving at Aspendos, he anchored on the Eurymedon and set about collecting tribute. His troops were, however, careless, and trampled many of the Aspendian fields, damaged crops and property. The irate Aspendians took revenge by murdering Thrasybulus in his tent.

http://www.turkey-now.org/Default.aspx?pgID=925

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