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Turkish Grammar-5: Nouns-2.b

D) Bulunma hâli (-de,da,te,ta)


sözlük (dictionary)

çanta (bag)


Sözlük çantada. (The dictionary is in the bag)


tatil (holiday)


yalnızca, sadece=only, merely, just

Buraya yalnızca tatillerde geliriz. (We come here only on holidays)


gelecek (future)

proje (project)

şimdi (now)


Bu proje şimdi değil, gelecekte gerçekleştirilecek. (This project will be realised in the future, not now.)


inşaat (construction)


Dayım inşaatta çalışıyor. (My uncle works at the construction)


sen (you (singular))


Kitabım sende mi? (Is my book at you?)


Facebook (no need to translate :D )


her (every), gün (day)

Her gün Facebook´tasın. (You are at Facebook everyday.)


E) Ayrılma hâli (-den,dan,ten,tan)


dans (dance)

ekip (equip)

Slovakya (Slovakia)

Slovakya+dan(ablative) --> Slovakya´dan

Dans ekibi Slovakya´dan geliyormuş. ((they say) The dance equip comes from Slovakia)


vazgeçmek (to quit, to abandon, to give up)

koşmak (to run)


Koşmaktan vazgeçtim ve yürüdüm. (I gave up running and I walked)

öğrenmek (to learn)


Türkçe öğrenmekten vazgeçmedim. (I didn´t give up learning Turkish)

alışkanlık (habit)


Bu alışkanlıktan vazgeçmen gerek. (You have to give up this habit)


site (site)


Türkçeyi bu siteden öğreniyorlar. (They are learning Turkish on this site.) (direct: ......from this site)


pazar (1sunday, 2market place)


bir (1one, 2a/an, 3same, 4different, 5.... 6..... ...)

kilo (kilo)

elma (apple)

Pazardan bir kilo elma aldım. (I bought a kilo of apples from the market place)


haber (news)

olay (event)


Bu olaydan haberin var mı? (Are you aware of this event?) (directly: Have you got news from this event?)


nefret etmek (to hate)

ben (I)


Benden nefret ediyor. (He hates me) (direct: He hates from me)


korkmak (to be afraid of, to fear)

rüzgar (wind)

gece (night)


Çocukken gece rüzgardan korkardım. (I used to be afraid of the wind at night while I was child) (direct: As I was child, I used to fear from the wind at night)


özür dilemek (to apologise)

biz (we)


Eğer kendini suçlu hissediyorsa, bizden niye özür dilemedi? (Why didn´t he apologise to us if he feels himself guilty?) (direct: ..... apologize from us ......)


Some prepositions which are used with ablative case:


1) ...  yüzünden, -den dolayı (because of, due to, owing to ...)

Although they are in the same task, "-den dolayı" is used much more than "yüzünden". What´s more, if you want, use always "-den dolayı". It is more absolute so as not to make mistake.


iptal olmak=iptal edilmek (to be cancelled)

maç (match)

yağmur (rain)

Maç, yağmur yüzünden iptal edildi (The match has been cancelled due to the rain)

=Maç, yağmurdan dolayı iptal edildi.


ben (I)

benim (my)

Benim yüzümden geç kaldılar. (They are late because me)

(this pattern is done by "yüzünden/yüzümden", not by "-den dolayı")


gürültü (noise)

ders (lesson)

ders çalışmak, derse çalışmak (to study lesson)

gürültü+den dolayı

Gürültüden dolayı ders çalışamadım. (I couldn´t study lesson because/owing to/due to the noise)


çalışmak (1to work, 2to study)

çok (1many, 2very, 3much)

hastalanmak (to get ill)

çalışmak+dan dolayı

Çok çalışmaktan dolayı hastalandı; birkaç gün dinlenecek. (He got ill because of working very much; he will have a rest for a few days.)


Even if you don´t use "dolayı", it can be understood.

Çok çalışmaktan hastalandı.

Gürültüden ders çalışamadım.

....vs. vs.


2) -den beri/-den bu yana (since, for)


"-den beri" is used much more than "bu yana".


"beri" is pronunced as "beeri"


kar (snow)

devam etmek (1to continue, 2to go on)

dün (yesterday)

dün+den beri

Kar dünden beri devam ediyor. (The snow has been continuing since yesterday)


sabah (morning)

sabah+den beri

Sabahtan beri buradayız. (We are here since the morning)


on dört (fourteen)

yıl (year)

yıl+den beri/den bu yana

Bu festival on dört yıldan beri aynı yerde yapılıyor.=.....on dört yıldan bu yana... (This festival has been being done in the same place for fourteen years.)


2005 (iki bin beş)

Avusturya (Austria, Österreich)


iki bin beş+den beri/den bu yana

Avusturya´ya 2005´ten bu yana gitmedim. (I have never been/gone to Austria since 2005)


F) Tamlayan hâli (-in,ın,un,ün)


let me remind: if the word ends with vowel : -nin,nın,nun,nün

(remember combinative letters)


oda (room)

müdür (director)


Bu oda müdürün. (This room is the director´s one.)


kim (who)


O arabalar kimin? (Whose are those cars?)


herkes (everybody, everyone)


kütüphane (library)

Kütüphane herkesin. (The library is everybody´s one)


hangi (which)

bilet (ticket)



Bilet hangi yolcunun? (Of which traveller is the ticket?)


baba (father)

baba+m(possessive of 1st singular)+in(genitive)

gözlük (eyeglasses)

Gözlük babamın (The eyeglasses are my father´s one.)

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