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Turkish Grammar-5: Pronouns-5.1

We can categorize the pronouns in Turkish in seven:

 

a) personal pronouns

b) posessive pronouns

c) indefinitive pronouns

d) questional pronouns

e) reflexive pronouns

f) demonstrative pronouns

g) "-ki" which is pronoun

 

Let´s start.

 

A) PERSONAL PRONOUNS

 

Our language has six personal pronouns. Let´s remember them.

 

ben I
sen

you

(singular) 

 o  he/she/it 
 biz  we 
siz

you

(1plural)

(2respect) 

 onlar they 

 

All of them have a special suffix except the third singular person "o". We call those suffixes "personal suffix". The meaning stays the same even if the personal pronouns aren´t used because the personal suffixes already expresses the meaning. But you have to always use the personal suffixes. The task of the personal suffixes is to make the word predicate. Don´t forget this!

 

Let´s see different things.

 

For example, you are looking at a photo. You ask to me:

-Bu kim? (Who is this?)

-Benim. (He is me.) (direct: He is I)

 

-Bu sen misin? (Is this you?)

-Hayır, ben değilim. (No, he´s not me)

 

etc.

 

B) POSESSIVE PRONOUNS

 

Let´s remember them, too.

 

benim my
senin your
onun his/her/its
bizim our
sizin your
onların their

 

C) "-Kİ"

 

benimki mine
seninki yours
onunki his/her/its
bizimki ours
sizinki yours
onlarınki theirs

 

kalem (the pencil)

mavi (blue)

 

mavi değil (not blue)

-Bu kalem senin mi? (Is this yours?)

-Hayır, benim değil. (No, it´s not mine.) (direct: it´s not my)

 

If you take care... I didn´t write "seninki mi?", "benimki değil". The meaning doesn´t change even if I write so. But we use the posessive pronouns directly. We use this type almost everytime.

 

bahçe (the garden)

geniş (large)

bizim bahçemiz (our garden)

=bizimki (ours/ours one)

Sizin bahçeniz geniş. Bizimki geniş değil. (Your garden is large. Ours one isn´t large.)

 

onun oyuncakları (his toys)

=onunkiler (his ones)

 

Onunkiler daha iyi. (His ones are better)

The "-ler" is normal plural suffix that you had learnt. There is no special situation. Its structure is "onunki+ler" like the structure of "okullar (schools)" is "okul+lar".

 

sizin çocuğunuz (your child)

=sizinki (yours/your one)

 

Sizinki okuldan döndü mü? (Has yours come back from the school?)


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