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Turkish Grammar-5: Nouns-6.2

The second type of personal suffixes are used, like I had talked about before too.


ise m isem if I
ise n isen if you
ise   ise if it/she/he
ise k isek if we
ise niz iseniz if you
ise ler


if they




aç isem (if i am hungry)

aç isen (if you are hungry)

aç ise (if he is hungry)

aç isek (if we are hungry)

aç iseniz (if you are hungry)

aç iseler (if they are hungry)


"i" is going to disappear and "-se/-sa" is going to obey the vowel harmonies when we want to write as suffix.


aç+ise+m--------->aç+ise+m-->aç+sa+m---->açsam (if i´m hungry)

aç+ise+n---------->aç+ise+n-->aç+sa+n----->açsan (if you are hungry)

aç+ise+----------->aç+ise+--->aç+sa+------->açsa (if he is hungry)

aç+ise+k---------->aç+ise+k-->aç+sa+k------>açsak (if we are hungry)

aç+ise+niz-------->aç+ise+niz->aç+sa+nız---->açsanız (if you are hungry)

aç+ise+ler--------->aç+ise+ler->aç+sa+lar----->açsalar (if they are hungry)

/aç+lar+ise-------->aç+lar+ise-->aç+lar+sa----->açlarsa (if they are hungry)


yemek (1to eat,2the meal)

hazırlamak (1to prepare, 2to cook (for the meals))


Açsan yemek hazırlayabilirim. (I can cook if you are hungry)

/Aç isen


kitap (book)

benim (my)

senin (your)

niye, neden (why)

demek (to say)


senin ise--->seninse (if it is yours)

de+me+yor+sin--->demiyorsun (you aren´t saying)


bu kitap senin (this book is yours)

niye "benim" demiyorsun? (why don´t you say "it is mine"?)

Bu kitap seninse niye "benim" demiyorsun? (Why don´t you say "it is mine" if this book is yours?)


It would be exactly the same if you wrote "senin ise".


pahalı (expensive)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3to receive, 4...5...6....)


değil ise--->değilse (if it isn´t)

pahalı değil (it isn´t expensive)

al+r+im--->alırım (i take/i buy)


Pahalı değilse alırım. (I buy if it isn´t expensive.)


"i" is going to become "y" because "ise" is going to be add a vowel-ended word. I don´t need to say "-sa/-se" is going to obey the vowel harmony because the vowel harmonies are the most essential in Turkish)


vakit, zaman (time)

gece (the night)

yarı (half-)

gürültü yapmak (to make noise)

yanlış (1false, 2wrong, ....)

olmak (1to be, 2.to become, 3to happen,4..5....7...)


gece yarı+ı(poss.)-->gece yarısı (midnight (direct: half of night))

vakit gece yarısı (the time is midnight)


ol+r---->olur (it is (direct: it does be))


Vakit gece yarısıysa gürültü yapmak yanlış olur. (It is false to make noise if the time is midnight)


sınav (the exam)

haftaya (in next week)

şimdiden (from now on)

çalışmak (1to work, 2to study, 3....4....5...)

başlamak (1to start, 2to begin, ...)


haftaya ise------------>haftayaysa (if it is in next week)


Sınav haftayaysa çalışmaya şimdiden başlaman gerek. (You need to start to study from now on if the exam is in next week.)


tok (full (not hungry))

daha fazla (more (comparative of "much"))

yemek (1to eat, 2.....)


tok isen---->toksan (if you are full)

ye+me+- -->yeme (don´t eat)


Toksan daha fazla yeme. (Eat no more if you are full (direct: don´t eat more .....))


açık (1open, 2light (for colours), 3too far (for sea), 4...5...)

banka (the bank)

saat kaç? (what time is it?, what is the time?)

öyle (so)

kapalı (closed)

-dir (1...2....3guessing/possibility, 4...5...6..)


açık ise------>açıksa (if it is open)

banka+e---->bankaya (to the bank)

git+ecek+iz->gideceğiz (we will go)

öyle ise------>öyleyse (if so)



-Açıksa bankaya gideceğiz. Saat kaç? (We will go to the bank if it is open. What time is it?)

-Altı. (Six.)

-Öyleyse kapalıdır. (If so, it may be closed.)

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