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Turkish Grammar-6: Verbs-7.10

VERB di ise m -diysem if I have ...ed
VERB di ise n -diysen if you have ...ed
VERB di ise
-diyse if he has ...ed
VERB di ise k -diysek if we have ...ed
VERB di ise niz -diyseniz if you have ...ed











if they have ...ed


*This is preferred much more.


özür dilemek (i apologize)

rahatsız etmek (1to offend, 2to disturb)


özür dile+r+im------------->özür dilerim (excuse me, sorry (direct: i apologize)

rahatsız et+di+ise+m------->rahatsız ettiysem (if I have offended)


Rahatsız ettiysem özür dilerim. (Excuse me if I have offended you)


yeni (new)

ev (the home, the house)

taşınmak (to move (reflexive))

yarın (tomorrow)

hayırlı olsun (it is said to someone for what he bought or got. for ex: you bought a car. i say to you "hayırlı olsun" when i saw the car at first time. another example: you got married or graduated from the school, or started your job etc.. i say to you "hayırlı olsun" when i learn at first time.)

gitmek (to go)


yeni ev+e-------------------------->yeni eve (to the new house)

taşın+dı+lar+ise--------------------->taşındılarsa (if they have moved)

hayırlı olsun+e(dative)----------------------->hayırlı olsun´a (to(dative) say "hayırlı olsun")

hayırlı olsun´a gitmek (to visit somebody to wish good luck when he/they got an important new thing)

hayırlamak (to say "hayırlı olsun" to something)


Yeni eve taşındılarsa yarın hayırlı olsun´a gidelim (Let´s visit them to wish good luck tomorrow if they have moved into the new house.)


anlamak (to understand)

tekrar, yine, yeniden, gene (again)

açıklamak (to explain)


anla+ma+dı+ise+niz------------------------->anlamadıysanız (if you haven´t understood)

açıkla+r+ım--------------------------------->açıklarım (i explain)


Anlamadıysanız tekrar açıklarım. (I explain again if you haven´t understood.)


acıkmak (to get hungry)

yemek (1to eat, 2the meal)

yapmak (to do)


acık+dı+ise+n-------------------------->acıktıysan (if you have got hungry)

yap+acak+ım--------------------------->yapacağım (i will do)


Acıktıysan yemek yapacağım. (I will cook meal if you have got hungry.)


şeker (the sugar)

güzel (beautiful, nice)

beğenmek (to like)

bir tane (only one (as countable quantity))

daha (more)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3..4...5)


şeker+ler-------------------------------->şekerler (the sugars)


beğen+di+ise+n-------------------------->beğendiysen (if you have liked)

bir tane daha (one more)



A: Şekerler çok güzelmiş. (The sugars are so delicious.) (A noticed they are delicious, and therefore used "-miş")

B: Beğendiysen bir tane daha al. (Take one more if you have liked.)


hemen şimdi, daha şimdi, şimdiden (just now)

yorulmak (to get tired)

oraya (to that place, there)

zamanında (on time)

nasıl (how)

varmak, ulaşmak (to arrive, to reach)


yorul+dı+ise+k--------------------->yorulduysak (if we have got tired)

var+acak+ız----------------------->varacağız (we will arrive)


Şimdiden yorulduysak oraya zamanında nasıl varacağız? (How will we arrive there on time if we have already got tired now?)


cam (the glass)

kim (who)

kirletmek (to make dirty)

temizlemek (to clean)


kirlet+di+ise---------------------------->kirlettiyse (if he has got dirty)


Camı kim kirlettiyse temizlemeli. (Who has got dirty this glass must clean)


ne (what)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

tekrar etmek (to repeat)

duymak (to hear)


söyle+di+ise+n----------------------->söylediysen (if you have said)

tekrar et+--------------------------->tekrar et (repeat)

duy+ma+dı+m------------------------>duymadım (i didn´t hear)


Ne söylediysen tekrar et, duymadım. (Repeat whatever you have said; I didn´t hear.)


ne (what)

gerekmek (to be needed, to be necessary)

yapmak (to do)


gerek+di+ise-------------------------->gerektiyse (if it has been needed)

yap+dı+k----------------------------->yaptık (we did)


Ne gerektiyse yaptık. (We did what has been needed)


kim (who)

görmek (to see)

hepsi (all of them)

selam vermek (to say hello)


kim+i(accusative)-------------------->kimi (whom)

gör+di+ise--------------------------->gördüyse (if he has seen)

hepsi+e(dative)---------------------->hepsine (to all of them)

ver+di------------------------------->verdi (he gave)


Kimi gördüyse hepsine selam verdi. (He said hello all whom he has seen)


ne (what)

bulmak (to find)

getirmek (to bring)


bul+dı+ise-------------------------->bulduysa (if he has found)

getir+di---------------------------->getirdi (he brought)


Ne bulduysa getirdi. (He brought what he has found.)

Khayrul Haq, mira 25, rubaniah, Moha-ios and Monken liked this lesson

View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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