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-siz

hafta (the week)

hiçbir (any, no)

gün (the day)

yağmur (the rain)

geçmek (1to pass, 2to outstrip, 3to be currect, to be valid, 4to elapse, to go 5...6...7...14....)

 

bu hafta (this week)

hiçbir gün (any day)

yağmur+siz-------------------------->yağmursuz (without rain)

geç+me+di-------------------------->geçmedi (it didn´t elapse)

 

Bu hafta hiçbir gün yağmursuz geçmedi. (None of the days went without rain in this week)

 

gezi (the trip, the journey)

gitmek (to go)

 

gezi+e(dative)----------------------->geziye (to the journey)

ben+siz------------------------------>bensiz (without me)

git+di+ler---------------------------->gittiler (they went)

 

Geziye bensiz gittiler. (They went on the journey without me)

 

yemek (the meal)

ekmek (the bread)

yemek (to eat)

 

yemek+i(accusative)------------------>yemeği

ekmek+siz---------------------------->ekmeksiz (without bread)

 

Yemeği ekmeksiz yiyemem. (I can´t eat the meal without bread)

 

anlam (the meaning)

şiir (the poem)

yazmak (to write)

 

anlam+sız----------------->anlamsız (meaningless)

şiir+ler-------------------->şiirler (poems)

yaz+r+dı------------------>yazardı (he used to write)

 

Anlamsız şiirler yazardı. (He used to write meaningless poems.)

 

ne kadar (how)

acımak (to pity)

acıma (the pity, the mercy)

insan (the human)

 

acıma+sız---------------->acımasız (merciless)

insan+sın---------------->insansın (you are human)

 

Ne kadar acımasız bir insansın! (How a merciless human you are!)

 

heyecan (the excitement)

maç (the match)

gol (the goal (soccer))

olmak (1....2to happen, to occur, 3..4...18..)

 

heyecan+sız------------>heyecansız (unexciting (direct: excitementless))

maç+dı----------------->maçtı (it was match)

ol+ma+dı---------------->olmadı (it didn´t happen)

 

Çok heyecansız bir maçtı; gol de olmadı. (It was a too unexciting match; also, no goal happened.)

 

konu (the topic)

bilgi (the knowledge)

 

konu+da--------------->konuda (in this topic)

bilgi+siz---------------->bilgisiz, cahil (ignorant)

bilgi+siz+iz------------->bilgisiziz (we are ignorant)

 

Bu konuda çok bilgisiziz. (We are so ignorant in this topic.)

 

çay (the tea)

atmak (1to throw, 2to chuck, 3to pour (dökmek), 4...5..6..)

daha şimdi (just now)

şeker (the sugar)

kaşık (the spoon)

yeter (enough, sufficient)

gelmek (to come)

lâzım, gerek, gerekli (necessary)

 

çay+a(dative)--------->çaya (to the tea)

at+ma+dı+n mı--------->atmadın mı? (didn´t you throw?)

bir kaşık (a spoon)

bir kaşık şeker (a spoon of sugar)

yeter+siz--------------->yetersiz (insufficient)

gel+yor----------------->geliyor (it is coming)

iki+nci+i(poss.)+i(acc.)-->ikincisini (the second one (accusative))

 

-Çaya daha şimdi şeker atmadın mı? (Didn´t you pour sugar into the tea just now?)

-Bir kaşık şeker yetersiz geliyor, ikincisini atmak gerek. (A spoon of sugar are being insufficient; needs to pour the second one.) (direct: ....coming insufficient,...)

 

hak (the right, the justice, the authority, ....)

susmak (1to be quiet/silent, not to talk, 2to stop talking)

 

hak+sız ise+n----------->haksız isen------->haksızsan (if you are wrong)

susmak zorunda+sın----------------------->susmak zorundasın (you have not to talk)

 

Haksızsan susmak zorundasın. (You have not to talk if you are wrong)


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