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ile - 3

okul (the school)

otobüs (the bus)


okul+a(dative)------------------------>okula (to the school)

otobüs+le---------------------------->otobüsle (by bus)

git+yor+iz---------------------------->gidiyoruz (we are going)


Okula otobüsle gidiyoruz. (We are going to the school by bus.)


telefon (the telephone)

konuşmak (1to talk, 2to speak)


telefon+ile-------------------------->telefonla (with telephone)

konuş+yor-------------------------->konuşuyor (he is talking)


Telefonla konuşuyor, meşgul. (He is talking on the phone, he is busy. (direct: He is talking by phone))


rapor (the report)

tükenmez kalem (the ballpoint pen)

yazmak (to write)


rapor+ı(accusative)---------------->raporu (the report)

tükenmez kalem+ile---------------->tükenmez kalemle (with the ballpoint pen)

yaz+acak+sınız-------------------->yazacaksınız (you will write)


Raporu tükenmez kalemle yazacaksınız. (You will write the report by the ballpoint pen.)


insan (the human)

eskiden (formerly, in the past)

duman (the smoke)

haberleşmek (to correspond, to communicate)

ama (but)

bin (thousand)

yıl, sene (the year)

önce (before, ago)

mesela, örneğin (for example)


insan+lar-------------------------->insanlar (people)

duman+la------------------------->dumanla (with the smoke)

haberleş+yor+du------------------->haberleşiyordu (he was communicating)


why not "haberleşiyorlardı (they were communicating)" ? because "people" already expressess the plurality. therefore it´s enough t o use conjugate the verb for singular one.


İnsanlar eskiden dumanla haberleşiyordu, ama çok eskiden, bin yıl önce mesela. (People used to communicate formerly via the smoke, but too formerly, for example a thousand year ago.)


biri, birisi (1anyone, someone, 2one of them)

duvar (the wall)

kırmızı (red)

harf (the letter)

İbranice (Hebrew language)

bir şey (something)

yazmak (to write)


duvar+a(dative)-------------------->duvara (to the wall)

harf+ler+le------------------------->harflerle (with the letters)

bir şey+ler------------------------->bir şeyler (plural of "something")

yaz+mış---------------------------->yazmış (he has written)


Biri duvara kırmızı harflerle İbranice bir şeyler yazmış. (Someone has written something in Hebrew by red letters onto the wall.)


borç (1the debt, 2the loan, 3the arrear) 

kredi (the credit)

kart (the card)

ödemek (to pay)


borç+m--------------------------->borcum (my debt)

borç+m+u(accusative)------------->borcumu (my debt)

kredi kart+ı------------------------>kredi kartı (the credit cart)

kredi kart+ı+ile-------------------->kredi kartıyla (by the credit cart)

öde+me+ecek+im------------------>ödemeyeceğim (i won´t pay)


Borcumu kredi kartıyla ödemeyeceğim. (I won´t pay my debt by the credit card.)


tüm, bütün (whole, all)

yüz (a hundred)

lira (Turkish monetary unit)

halletmek (1to figure out, 2to surmount, 3to polish off, 4to work out)

imkânsız (impossible)


bu+lar------------------------>bunlar (these)

tüm bunlar (all these)

tüm bunlar+ı(acc.)------------>tüm bunları (all these)

yüz lira (hundred liras)

yüz lira+ile-------------------->yüz lirayla (with hundred liras)


Tüm bunları yüz lirayla halletmek imkânsız. (It´s impossible to work out all these by hundred liras.)

View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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