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Verbal noun: 1.3 and expressing obligation -3

Noun is always noun even if it is proper noun, common noun, verbal noun or something else. :)) Therefore we also can conjugate the verbal nouns by the possessive suffixes.




  -me m -mem my ...ing
  -me n -men your ...ing
  -me i -mesi his ...ing
  -me miz -memiz our ...ing
  -me niz -meniz your ...ing
  -me leri -meleri their ...ing


özür dilemek (to apologize)

hiçbir şey (nothing)

değiştirmek (to change (transitive))


özür dile+me(noun)+n---------------->özür dilemen (direct: your apologizing)

hiçbir şey+i(accusative)-------------->hiçbir şeyi (nothing)

değiştir+me+ecek-------------------->değiştirmeyecek (it won´t change)


Özür dilemen hiçbir şeyi değiştirmeyecek. (It will change nothing that you apologize. (direct: Your apologizing won´t change anything.))


böyle (like this)

düşünmek (to think)

yanlış (false)


düşün+me(noun)+n------------------>düşünmen (direct: your thinking)


Böyle düşünmen çok yanlış. (It´s too false that you think like this. (direct: your such thinking is too false)


araba (the car)

yağmurlu (rainy)

hava (1the weather, 2...3...)

hızlı (fast)

sürmek (1to drive, 2to continue)

bazen (sometimes)

tehlikeli (dangerous)

olmak (to be, to become,.....)


araba+ı(accusative)---------------->arabayı (the car)

hava+lar+da----------------------->havalarda (direct: in the weathers)

sür+me(noun)+n------------------->sürmen (direct: your driving)

ol+abil+r--------------------------->olabilir (it may/can be)


Arabayı yağmurlu havalarda hızlı sürmen bazen çok tehlikeli olabilir. (It sometimes may be too dangerous that you drive the car fast in the rainy days. (direct: your driving the car fast in the rainy weathers sometimes may be too dangerous))


tarafsız (objective)

olmak (to be...)

yarar sağlamak (to give advantage (direct: to provide a benefit))


ol+ma(noun)+n-------------------->olman (direct:your being)

sana (to you)

sağla+r---------------------------->sağlar (it provides)


Tarafsız olman sana büyük yarar sağlar. (It gives you a big advantage that you are objective (direct: Your being objective provides big benefit to you))


arkadaş (the friend)

doğum (the birth)

gün (the day)

parti (the party)

yapmak (1to do, 2to make, 3to organize,4..5..6.)

sevindirmek (to make happy)


doğum gün+i(poss.)-------------->doğum günü (the birthday)

doğum günü parti+i(poss.)-------->doğum günü partisi (the birthday party)

arkadaşlar (the friends)

arkadaşlarım (my friends)

arkadaşlarımın (of my friends)

doğum günü partisi yap+ma(noun)+ı(poss.)-->doğum günü partisi yapması (the fact that he makes a birthday party)

arkadaşlarımın doğum günü partisi yapması (the fact that my friends makes a birthday party)

bana (to me)

arkadaşlarımın bana doğum günü partisi yapması (the fact that my friends makes a birthday party to me) 

ben+i(accusative)----------------->beni (me)

sevindir+di------------------------>sevindirdi (it made happy)


Arkadaşlarımın bana doğum günü partisi yapması beni çok sevindirdi. (It made me very happy that my friends organized a birthday party for me.)


Türkçe (Turkish language)

hoca (1the teacher (synonym: öğretmen), 2the coach (in sports), 3the imam)

hastalanmak (to get ill)

sınav (the exam)

iptal olmak (to be cancelled)

engellemek (1to prevent, 2to hinder, 3to restrain, 4to impede, 5..6..)


Türkçe hocamız (our Turkish teacher)

Türkçe hocamızın (of our Turkish teacher)

hastalan+ma(noun)+ı(poss.)------------>hastalanması (the fact that he gets/got ill)

Türkçe hocamızın hastalanması (the fact that our Turkish teacher gets/got ill)

sınav+ın(genitive)------------->sınavın (of the exam)

ol+ma(noun)+ı(poss.)+ı(acc.)-->olmasını ((acc.) the fact that it is)

sınavın iptal olmasını ((acc.) the fact that the exam is cancelled)

engelle+me+di----------------->engellemedi (it didn´t prevent)


Türkçe hocamızın hastalanması sınavın iptal olmasını engellemedi. (It didn´t prevent the exam is cancelled that our Turkish teacher had got ill.)


anlamak (to understand)

dil (1the language, 2the tongue)

konuşmak (1to talk, 2to speak)

yetmek (to be sufficient, to suffice, to be enough)


sen+i(accusative)----------------->seni (you)

anla+ma(noun)+ları için------------>anlamaları için (so that they understand you)

onların (their)

onların dil+i(poss.)+de------------->onların dilinde (in their language)

konuş+ma(noun)+n--------------->konuşman (the fact that you speak)

yet+me+z------------------------>yetmez (it doesn´t suffice)


Seni anlamaları için onların dilinde konuşman yetmez. (It´s not enough that you speak in their language so that they understand you. (direct: your speaking in their language doesn´t suffice so that they understand you))


hâlâ (still)

savunmak (to defend)

çalışmak (1to work, 2to study, 3to try to, 4....7...)

oldukça (quite)

sinir bozmak (to irritiate)

sinir bozucu (irritating)


onlar+ı(accusative)--------------->onları (them)

savun+ma(noun)+a(dative)------->savunmaya çalışmak (to try to defend)

onları savunmaya çalışmak (to try to defend them)

onları savunmaya çalış+ma(noun)+n->onları savunmaya çalışman (the fact that you try to defend them)


Hâlâ onları savunmaya çalışman oldukça sinir bozucu. (It´s quite irritating that you still try to defend them. (direct: your still trying to defend them is quite irritating))


acilen (urgently) (pronunciation: aacilen)

su (water)

içmek (to drink)

gerek (1the need, the necessity, 2necessary, needed)

gerek, lazım (needed, necessary)


iç+me(noun)+m--------------------->içmem (direct: my drinking)


Acilen su içmem gerek. (I need to drink water urgently.)


Here is no difference between "gerek" and "lazım". "gerek" is Turkish, "lazım" is Arabic origined.


inandırıcı (convincing)

olmak (to be,...)

için (for)

asla (never)

gülmek (to laugh)

gerek, lazım (needed, necessary)


ol+abil+me(noun)+miz için--------->olabilmemiz için (so that we can be)

gül+me(negative)+me(noun)+miz--->gülmememiz (direct: our not laughing)


İnandırıcı olabilmemiz için asla gülmememiz gerek. (We need to never laugh so that we can be convincing.)


doktor (the doctor)

olmak (to be, to become,...)

ne (what)

okumak (1to read, 2to study (at a school), to take education at a formal school)




Doktor olmak için ne okumam lazım? (What do I need to study so as to become a doctor?)




I need to explain this pattern of "need" especially.


gerekmek (to be necessary, to be needed, to be required)

gerek+yor------------------------>gerekiyor (it´s being necessary) (present continuous)

gerek+r-------------------------->gerekir (it is needed) (present simple)

gerek+me+yor-------------------->gerekmiyor (it´s not being necessary) (present continuous)

gerek+me+z---------------------->gerekmez (it isn´t needed) (present simple)


Don´t think these are speacial conjugations. These are the conjugations I had already explained in previous lessons. We are conjugating a verb called "gerekmek" like we had conjugated "gelmek", "gitmek", "anlamak" etc.




koşmam gerek (i need to run (direct: my running is needed.))

=koşmam gerekiyor (i need to run (direct: my running is being needed))

=koşmam gerekir (i need to run (direct: my running is needed))


koşmam gerekmez (i don´t need to run (direct: my running isn´t needed))

koşmam gerekmiyor (i don´t need to run (direct: my running isn´t being needed))




koşmamam gerek (i mustn´t run (direct: my not running is necessary))

=koşmamam gerekiyor

=koşmamam gerekir


I will explain these in the next lesson more detailedly.

View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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