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-eyim, -elim

Indeed, "-eyim/ayım" and "-elim/ayım" are analysed as

e+im(1st type of personal suffix of 1st singular)---------->-eyim

e+lim(personal suffix of 1st plural, special for this mood)-->-elim


I can´t translate this term into English, excuse me. I´m writing only the conjugations of 1st singular and 1st plural because the other ones are almost never used nowadays. You may see them in the archaic poems or texts.


This mood is translated by "let" as well. But here is no permission meaning like there wasn´t the previous mood. We can suppose this is an imperative mood to ourselves.


dayı (the uncle (the brother of the mother))

tanıştırmak (to introduce (transitive)) (direct: to make someones meet each other for first time)


sen+i(accusative)------------------------>seni (you)

dayı+m+la------------------------------->dayımla (with my uncle)

tanıştır+a+ım----------------------------->tanıştırayım (let me introduce)


Seni dayımla tanıştırayım. (Let me introduce you my uncle) (direct: let me introduce you with my uncle.)


uyumak (to sleep)

rahat (1relax, still, 2the comfort)

rahat+sız-->rahatsız (1uncomfortable, 2anxious, 3ill)

rahatsız etmek (to disturb)


uyu+yor+lar+ise-->uyu+yor+lar+se-->uyu+yor+lar+sa-->uyuyorlarsa (if they´re sleeping)



Uyuyorlarsa rahatsız etmeyelim. (Let´s not disturb [them] if they are sleeping.)


lütfen (please)

ses (1the sound, 2the voice)

olmak (to be)


ses+siz--------->sessiz (silent, quiet (direct: soundless, voiceless))

ol+a+lım-------->olalım (let´s be)


Lütfen sessiz olalım! (Let´s be quiet, please!)


konuşmak (1to talk, 2to speak)

uyumak (to sleep)


konuş+ma+ın--->konuşmayın (don´t speak)

uyu+abil+e+lim->uyuyabilelim (let´s be able to sleep)


Konuşmayın da uyuyabilelim. (Don´t speak and thus let´s be able to sleep.)


bura (this place, here)

oturmak (1to sit, 2to sit down, 3..4.5..6...)

ora (that place, there)


bura+a--->buraya (to this place, here)

otur+- --->otur (sit / sit down)

ora+a----->oraya (to that place, there)

otur+a+ım->oturayım (let me sit / sit down)


Sen buraya otur, ben oraya oturayım. ((you) sit down here, let me sit down there.)


How to make the interrogative form?


gitmek (to go)

git+e+lim mi-------->gidelim mi? (shall we go?)

araba+ile---->araba+yle-->arabayla (by car (direct: with car))


Bu sefer arabayla gidelim mi? Hava çok sıcak. Yürümek zor olur. (Shall we go by car this time? The weather is too hot. It is difficult to walk.)


Yardım edeyim mi etmeyeyim mi? (Should I help or not?)

I help if you want, I don´t help if you don´t want, and do you want that I help?


dondurma (the ice cream)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3..4.5..)


sen+e(dative)------->sana (to you)

al+a+ım mı----------->alayım mı? (should I take?)


Sana dondurma alayım mı? (Should I buy an ice cream for you?)

-->If you say "okay", I will/am going to buy an ice cream for you.


o kadar (that much)

yardım etmek (to help)

teşekkür etmek (to thank)


ben+e(dat.)----------->bana (to me)

yardım et+di+- -------->yardım etti (he helped)

teşekkür et+me+e+im mi?->teşekkür etmeyeyim mi? 

o+a(dat.)------------->ona (to him)


Bana o kadar yardım etti, ona teşekkür etmeyeyim mi? (She helped me that much, shouldn´t I thank her?)

-->Indeed there is no question meaning. Means: "isn´t it necessary that I thank her?" or "of course I need to thank her" or something like this.

If you want to think as meaning of permission: "I couldn´t decide, whether should I thank or not. In your opinion?"


kitap (the book)

bugün (today)

getirmek (to bring)


kitap+n(poss.)---------->kitabın (your book)

kitap+n(poss.)+ı(acc.)-->kitabını (your book (accusative))

getir+e+im mi----------->getireyim mi?


-Bugün kitabını getirelim mi? (Shall we bring your book today?)

-Evet, getirin. (Yes, bring.)


bu (this)

araba (the car)

satmak (to sell)

yeni (new)

almak (to take ; to buy)

karar vermek (to decide)


bu araba+ı(accusative)----->bu arabayı (this car)


yeni+i(poss.)+i(acc.)------->yenisini (the new one (accusative))

al+a+ım mı----------------->alayım mı?

al+ma+a+ım mı------------->almayayım mı?

ver+eme+yor+im----------->veremiyorum (i can´t give)


Bu arabayı satıp yenisini alayım mı almayayım mı, karar veremiyorum. (I can´t decide, should I sell this car and buy the new one or shouldn´t.)


nere (which place, where)

olmak (to be)

söylemek (to say, tell)

sormak (to ask)


nere+de(locative)----------->nerede (in which place, where)

ol+acak+ları(poss.)+ı(acc.)-->olacaklarını (that they will be)

söyle+di+ler mi-------------->söylediler mi? (did tthey say?)

söyle+me+di+ler------------->söylemediler (they didn´t say.)

sor+a+ım mı----------------->sorayım mı? (should I ask?)


-Nerede olacaklarını söylediler mi? (Did they say where they will be?)

-Söylemediler. Sorayım mı?* (They didn´t say. Should I ask?)

-Sorma, gerek yok. (Don´t ask, there is no need.)

*sorayım mı? : If you want, I will ask. do you want?

Fadwa, mira 25, randa m and Muni liked this lesson

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