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order of the sentence

The standard order of the sentence is Özne+Tümleç+Yüklem in Turkish.

özne (the subject)

tümleç (the complement)

yüklem (the predicate)

 

You can emphasize whichever word or word group you want while you are talking. It doesn´t matter very much where are the words. But we can hear the words in writing of course. Therefore it requires to know the places of the stress.

 

The stress is at the word or word group which is in front of the predicate.

 

I´m going to give the examples with the possible questions about them.

 

Ben okula gidiyorum. (I´m going to the "school".)

-Hasteneye gitmiyor musun? (Aren´t you going to the hospital?)

 

Okula ben gidiyorum. ("I" am going to the school.)

-Ağabeyin gitmiyor mu? (Aren´t your brother going?)

 

The stress is at the predicate if you write it on the first place. But you need to want to emphasize very much to do it.

 

Ben okula gidiyorum. : the standard one and the most used one (%95) is this

Gidiyorum okula ben.

/Gidiyorum ben okula. (I am """""going""""" to the school.)

This type isn´t used everytime very much. It is used for the momentary situations much more.

 

pazar (1Sunday, 2the market place)

domates (the tomato)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3..4..5..)

 

pazar+dan(ablative)--------->pazardan (from the market place)

al+dı+k--------------------->aldık (we took)

 

Pazardan domates aldık. (We bought "tomatoes" from the market place.)

Domatesi pazardan aldık. (We bought the tomatoes "from the market place".)

 

domates+i(accusative)------->domatesi (the tomato)

Biz pazardan domates aldık. (We bought "tomatoes" from the market place.)

Pazardan domatesi biz aldık. ("We" bought the tomatoes from the market place.)

/Domatesi pazardan biz aldık.

The locations of other components were not important, because the subject was already in front of the predicate.

 

sana (to you)

tabiî ki (of course, absolutely)

cam (the glass)

kırmak (to break (transitive))

kızmak (to get angry)

 

cam+ı(accusative)------------->camı (the glass)

kır+dık+n için------------------>kırdığın için (because you broke/break)

kız+r+ım---------------------->kızarım (I get angry)

 

Sana camı kırdığın için tabiî ki kızarım. (I "absolutely" get angry with you because you break the glass.)

Sana tabiî ki camı kırdığın için kızarım. (I get angry with you "because you break the glass" of course.)

/Tabiî ki sana camı kırdığın için kızarım.

Camı kırdığın için tabiî ki sana kızarım. (I get angry with "you" because you break the glass of course.)

Kızarım sana camı kırdığın için tabiî ki. (I "get angry" with you because you break the glass of course.

/Kızarım camı kırdığın sana tabiî ki.

/Kızarım tabiî ki camı kırdığın için sana.

It doesn´t matter, because the emphasize is at the predicate because the predicate is in the first place.

 

bu (this)

kim (who)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

 

bu+ı(accusative)------------->bunu (this)

söyle+di+ - ------------------>söyledi (he said)

 

Kim söyledi? (Who said?)

Bunu kim söyledi? ("Who" said this?)

/Kim söyledi bunu?

 

pazar (1Sunday, 2the market place)

ne (what)

almak (to take, to buy)

 

pazar+dan(ablative)---------->pazardan (from the market place)

al+dı+nız--------------------->aldınız (you took)

 

Pazardan ne aldınız? (What did you buy from the market place?)

 

matematik (the math)

sınav (the exam)

hafta (the week)

ertelemek (to delay, to put off)

 

matematik sınav+ı --------> matematik sınavı (the math exam)

hafta+a(dative)-----------> haftaya (in next week (direct: to the week))

ertele+n+di---------------> ertelendi (it was delayed)

 

Matematik sınavı haftaya ertelendi. (The math exam was delayed "to next week".)

olası itiraz (possible objection)

-->Haftaya ertelenmedi, iki hafta sonraya ertelendi. (It wasn´t delayed to next week, it was delayed to two weeks later.)

Haftaya matematik sınavı ertelendi. ("The math exam" was delayed to next week.)

olası itiraz:

-->Matematik sınavı değil, edebiyat sınavı ertelendi. (The literature exam was delayed, not the math exam.)

 

Matematik sınavı ertelendi. (The math exam was delayed.)

Matematik sınavı ertelendi. (The math exam was delayed.)

 

Babam çayını bitirmemiş. (My father hasn´t finished his tea.)

Babam çayını bitirmemiş. (My father hasn´t finished his tea.)

 

Ankara, Türkiye´nin başkenti. (Ankara is the capital of Turkey.)

Ankara, Türkiye´nin başkenti. (Ankara is the capital of Turkey.)

 

Kitap okumayı sevmem. (I don´t like reading book.)

Kitap okumayı sevmem. (I don´t like reading book.)

Kitap okumayı sevmem. (I don´t like reading book.)


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