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the suffix -le

This is a suffix that we often use as well. Like "-leş", we also don´t bring this to every verb. Therefore many many examples can be given for this too.

 

temiz (clean)

temiz+le+mek

temizlemek (to clean, to make sth clean)

 

Tüm gün evi temizledim. (I cleaned the house whole day.)

 

kir (the dirt, the filth)

kir+le+t(causative)+mek----->kirletmek (to dirty, to make sth dirty)

kir+le+n(reflexive)+mek------>kirlenmek (to get dirty, to become dirty)

 

Halıyı kirletiyorsun, oraya basma! (You are dirtying the carpet, don´t step on there!)

 

yalan (the lie, the untruth)

yalan+la+mak

yalanlamak, inkâr etmek (to deny)

yalanlamak (to deny something which is claimed that it is true)

inkâr etmek (to deny something whether it is claimed that it is true, or not)

 

Yaptığı her şeyi yalanlamaya çalıştı ama biz tabii ki inanmadık. (She tried to deny everything she has done but we didn´t believe of course.)

 

yol (1the way, 2the road)

yol+la+mak

yollamak (to post, to send)

 

Dosya çok ağır, Facebook´tan yollayamam. İstersen e-postadan yollayabilirim. (The file is too heavy, I can´t post it via Facebook. If you want, I can post it via e-mail.)

 

düzen (the order, the regularity)

düzen+le+mek

düzenlemek (1to put in order, 2to arrange, 3to organize)

 

Bu festival her yıl temmuzda düzenleniyor. (This festival is organized in every July.)

 

gece (the night)

gece+le+mek

gecelemek (to stay somewhere (only) at night)

 

Üç-dört gün bizde geceleyecekler. (They will stay at us for three or four days.)

 

kanıt, ispat (the evidence)

kanıt+la+mak

kanıtlamak, ispatlama, ispat etmek (to prove)

 

Bunları bana kanıtlayabilir misin? (Can you prove these to me?)

 

hasta (1ill, sick, 2the patient)

hasta+la+n(reflexive)+mak

hastalanmak (to get ill)

 

Soğuk betonda oturma; hastalanacaksın. (Don´t sit on the cold concrete; you will get ill.)

 

erte (the laterside (but this word isn´t being used alone nowadays.))

erte+le+mek

ertelemek (to delay, to put off)

 

Planlarımı ertelemek zorunda mıyım? (Do I have to delay my plans?)

 

kul (the slave (we use this word in only religional topic.))

Allah´ın kulu (the creature of the God) [The God has createn everything and everybody, and they are in the control of the God.]

kul+la+n(reflexive)+mak

kullanmak (to use)

 

Hâlâ Windows XP kullanıyorum. (I am still using Windows XP)

 

denet (-) [we never use this word alone]

denet+le+mek

denetlemek, kontrol etmek (to check)

 

Zabıtaların esnafları her gün denetlemesi gerektiğini düşünüyoruz. (We think the bazaar police should check the tradesmen/women everyday.)

 

kabul (the acceptance)

kabul+le+n(reflexive)+mek

kabullenmek (to accept yourself, to sell yourself on something)

 

Yenilgiyi kabullenemem. (I can´t accept myself the defeat.)

 

ün (the fame)

ün+le+n(reflexive)+mek

ünlenmek (to become famous)

 

Bu kitabıyla tüm Avrupa´da ünlendi. (He became famous in all Europe by his this book.)

 

zehir (the poison)

zehir+le+mek

zehirlemek (to poison)

 

Yarın bahçedeki zararlı böcekleri zehirleyeceğiz. (We will poison the harmful insects in the garden tomorrow.)

 

iz (the trace)

iz+le+mek

izlemek (1to watch (synonym: seyretmek), 2to follow (synonym: takip etmek))

 

Genellikle televizyon izlemem. (I usually don´t watch tv.)

 

aşağı (the underside, the beneath side, below)

aşağı+la+mak

aşağılamak (to despise, to run sb down, to degrade)

 

Beni aşağılamaktan vazgeç! (Abandon to run me down!)

 

ince (thin)

ince+le+mek

incelemek (to analyse, to examine)

 

Ödevlerinizi yarın inceleyeceğim. (I will examine your homeworks tomorrow.)

 

zayıf (1thin (antonym: fat), 2weak (antonym: güçlü))

zayıf+la+mak

zayıflamak (to lose weigh)

 

İki haftada üç kilo zayıfladım. (I lose weigh for 3 kilos within two weeks.)

 

şişman (fat)

şişman+la+mak

şişmanlamak (to get fat)

 

Çok yemeye devam edersem şişmanlayacağım. (I will get fat if I go on eating like this.)

 

geniş (large)

geniş+le+mek

genişlemek (to widen, to expand)

 

Metali ısıtırsan genişler. (The metal expands if you heat it.)

 

ev (the house, the home)

ev+le+n(reflexive)+mek

evlenmek (to get married) [direct: to have a house by getting married]

 

Benimle evlenir misin? (Do you get marry to me?)

 

And this goes on like these.


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