Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Turkish Alphabet


Turkish Alphabet


Turkish alphabet is composed of twenty-one consonants and eight vowels. It lacks the English letters q, w, and x and has the following additional letters: ç,  ğ,  i,  ö,  ş,  ü


The order of alphabet is:

A  b  c  ç  d  e  f  g  ğ  h  ı  i  j  k  l  m  n  o  ö  p  r  s  ş  t  u  ü  v  y  z



Letter                     Name                         Approximate Pronunciation


 A a  a  after, up
 B b  bebig, bad, boy 
 C c  cejam, jar
 Ç ç  çechurch
 D d dedig, did
 E e                            ebed, fed
 F f    fe                                  fed, fit
 G g  gegoal, gap
 Ğ ğ   yumuşak ge         lengthens preceding, no pronunciation itself.   
 H h hehope, hat
 I  ı   ıEngland, pencil
 İ i    isit, fit
 J j    jelike "s" in leisure, measure
 K k  kecape, cost
 L l    leleave, wool
 M m   meman, monkey
 N n   nenot, number
 O o  oopen, no, go
 Ö ö   öearly, girl
 P p   pepaper, purpose
 R r  rerot, rare
 S s  sesit, soap
 Ş s şelike "sh" in ship, shoe
 T t tetip, toe
 U u uput, pull
 Ü ü üdew
 V v vevote, vice
 Y y yeyes, you
 Z z zezoo, zone



The general rule is in Turkish is that every vowel will take the consonant before it to form a syllable, so apart from the first syllable of a word, every syllable in a pure Turkish word begins with a consonant. This applies also when suffixes are added to a word and when two or more words form  a single unit.



bil-gi-sa-yar             - computer
ma-sa                        - table
bar-dak                     - glass
ka-lem                       - pencil
ki-tap                         - book
te-le-fon                    - phone
a-dam                        - man
def-ter                       - notebook


Stress in words


Turkish words are usually stressed on their last syllable. The common exceptions to this rule are place names, adverbs, compound words, certain foreign borrowings, and some words denoting relatives and living creatures. Some suffixes are not stressed but usually when a suffix is added the stress moves to the last syllable of the resultant word:


ar-ka-daş (friend)       
ar-ka-da-şım (my friend)             
ar-ka-da-şı-ma (to my friend)


ma-sa (table)              
ma-sa-da ( on the table)


Na-sıl-sı-nız?  (How are you?)
İ-yi-yim (I'm fine.)



farhad amin, musaddiq and wintertulips liked this lesson

View all beginner level lessons in this class - Lessons by qdemir

View all lessons in this class - Lessons by qdemir

View All Turkish Classes

Comments (25)

Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
Intensive language class in turkey
Mattes: Hi there, I would like to get your opinion. Some years back I did so...
Here again
Abla: Hi, it looks like the site works. How is everyone? Shall we learn Turk...
TLC servers hacked, all user emails & pass...
natiypuspi: Here again! What a nice new! Happy New Year! PS: I want to tell my hea...
-midir nedir
admin: The closest ... I can think of is "or ... O ... midir nedir -&g...
Turkish Learning Books
qdemir: are you a new learner or do you want to take your Turkish to the next ...
Travelling to Turkey - personal experience...
Glovol: Turkey is a great country.
Sagredo: Rose Garden Make an effort to get into the rose garden. Because those...
E-T: It´s one of the things on my bu...
gokuyum: No. It doesnt make sense. You can say ... yapmak istediğim bi...
og2009: DÜNYA TOPLUMU VE FELSEFE ... okul ... felsefe ... ....
24 HOUR FLASH SALE for learning Turkish e-...
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Most liked

Story by erdinc
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner

Story by erdinc

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner