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Living - working in Turkey

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Foreigners working in Turkey
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1.       catwoman
8933 posts
 22 Sep 2007 Sat 06:41 pm

Here's an interesting article about the laws and regulations regarding foreigners who want to work in Turkey:

The increasing difficulty in managing foreign workers has been caused in large part by the lack of standardization of controls among the institutions that have the power to grant permits as well as the need to comply with harmonization efforts to EU standards. The unfair competition caused by employment of illegal workers gave way to the adoption of Law no. 4817, which vested full authority in the Labor and Social Security Ministry with regard to the employment of foreigners in our country. After the implementation of this law in 2003, the employment and training of foreigners are now subject to prior permits. The same law also outlines details of alien permits and the principles governing their employment in Turkey.

This regulation is particularly important at a time when the number of foreign workers employed in Turkey is on the rise. However, despite the new law, there are still a substantial number of foreigners who are working illegally. The issue of illegal alien workers is so serious that while the number of workers employed under the new permit regulations is 26,097, the number of illegal workers is estimated to be several million.

Under the current legal arrangements, unless envisaged otherwise in bilateral or multilateral conventions Turkey is party to, foreigners are required to obtain a work permit ahead of their employment in the country. Under some rare conditions, the permit may be granted after the commencement of employment. Therefore, a foreigner seeking employment in Turkey should follow the steps described below:

First, he or she should file an application for a work permit through the relevant Turkish mission,

Second, he or she should obtain a visa in connection with the permit at the relevant Turkish mission,

Third, before employment, he or she should obtain a residence permit from the relevant security directorate for the purpose of employment.

The few exceptions to these steps are in the cases when there is no visa requirement, or if the employee is able to obtain the work permit in Turkey.

Which foreigners are not required to obtain work permits?

Those who dropped their native Turkish citizenship with prior approval may benefit from the labor rights enjoyed by regular Turkish citizens. They are not required to obtain a work permit, visa or residence permit for employment in Turkey.

Foreign reporters and press members do not have to obtain work and residence permits for employment in Turkey. However, the employer is obligated to inform the Labor Ministry of the most recent status of the relevant press member (i.e., commencement of employment, interruption of employment or its termination).

Foreigners employed by ministries other than the Labor Ministry are not required to obtain work permits or visas.

Foreigners who fall into the exemption category because of reciprocity, general principles of international law and European Union law do not need a work permit or visa for employment in Turkey. For instance, in the case of Turkey’s accession to the EU, the notion of alien will transform, so the legislation has already been harmonized to ensure adaptation for the future situation.

In addition to the above categories, the following groups of foreigners are entitled to employment in Turkey without obtaining a work permit subject to the compliance of their obligations under the relevant laws. It should be noted that their entitlements are considered a legally exceptional right.

a- Those who are exempted from work permit regulations under bilateral and multilateral conventions that Turkey is party to.

b- Foreigners with outside residence who come to Turkey for scientific, cultural or artistic activities that will last less than a month.

c- Those who are called in Turkey to give training on the use, assembly, maintenance and repair of imported machines and equipment, or to take delivery of equipment or to repair equipment broken in Turkey, with the condition that their stay should not exceed three months and the purpose of the trip should be proven via certified papers.

d- Those who are in Turkey for the purpose of giving training on the use of exported or imported goods and services, with the condition that their stay should not exceed three months and the purpose of the trip should be proven via certified papers.

e- Those who are in Turkey for a period of no more than six months as an attendant or performer in fairs or circus performances staged in Turkey.

f- Foreigners who are in Turkey for educational purposes, either in universities or public institutions. In this case, the stay is limited to the study period and subject to the submission of certified proof.

g- Those whose names are referred to the relevant authorities as major contributors to Turkey in the socio-economic, technological or educational fields, with the condition that their stay should not exceed three months,

h- Students who are in Turkey for internship opportunities provided within reciprocal practices or student exchange programs. The stay is limited to the internship period.

i- Foreigners who will work in national or international projects that will be implemented by consortiums or in compliance with bilateral or multilateral agreements Turkey is party to, or in international organizations, with the condition that their stay should not exceed one year.

j- Foreigners who are based in Turkey as tour operator representatives whose term does not exceed six months within one year.

k- Foreign soccer players or other athletes and their trainers whose requests are approved by the Turkish Soccer Federation or Youth and Sports General Directorate.

Foreigners who fall into one of the above categories are not required to obtain a work permit. However, they are required to notify the relevant local security authorities of their purposes for staying in Turkey, how long their stay will last and where they will be accommodated.

Legal regulations for foreigners employed in Turkey.

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2.       libralady
5152 posts
 21 Jul 2008 Mon 11:58 am

We came across several ex-pats working illegally in Bitez last week and our tour rep had also been offered work illegally! One woman we chatted to has been married to a Turk for 4 years (and working with him) and is still tripping off to Kos to get her visa every three months!

3.       lady in red
6947 posts
 21 Jul 2008 Mon 12:24 pm

Quoting libralady:

We came across several ex-pats working illegally in Bitez last week and our tour rep had also been offered work illegally! One woman we chatted to has been married to a Turk for 4 years (and working with him) and is still tripping off to Kos to get her visa every three months!



Yes - there are quite a few here too but renewing the visa in Kos doesn´t mean she can legally work. Quite a few ex-pats here work for emlaks - illegally - and if they don´t get paid their commission there is nothing they can do about it. A friend of mine worked 2 months for one Emlak and never got a penny (sorry lira!) out of them.

4.       libralady
5152 posts
 22 Jul 2008 Tue 10:05 am

Quoting lady in red:

Quoting libralady:

We came across several ex-pats working illegally in Bitez last week and our tour rep had also been offered work illegally! One woman we chatted to has been married to a Turk for 4 years (and working with him) and is still tripping off to Kos to get her visa every three months!



Yes - there are quite a few here too but renewing the visa in Kos doesn´t mean she can legally work. Quite a few ex-pats here work for emlaks - illegally - and if they don´t get paid their commission there is nothing they can do about it. A friend of mine worked 2 months for one Emlak and never got a penny (sorry lira!) out of them.



I meant that she is working illegally! She was managing the place and taking the money!! I´d have thought after being married for 4 years and living in Turkey all that time, she would have applied for residency??

Actually is was quite a funny combination - age gap, in her favour, weight difference in his favour! He told us in strong winds he ties himself to her lol

5.       Leelu
1746 posts
 22 Jul 2008 Tue 09:18 pm

Quoting libralady:


Actually is was quite a funny combination - age gap, in her favour, weight difference in his favour! He told us in strong winds he ties himself to her lol

OMG I fell off the bed reading this one ..

6.       lady in red
6947 posts
 22 Jul 2008 Tue 11:12 pm

Quoting libralady:

I meant that she is working illegally! She was managing the place and taking the money!! I´d have thought after being married for 4 years and living in Turkey all that time, she would have applied for residency??

Actually is was quite a funny combination - age gap, in her favour, weight difference in his favour! He told us in strong winds he ties himself to her lol



HaHa! sounds like a few couples I know here. But residency doesn´t get you a work permit - I have a residency permit but I still can´t work.

7.       ashleightanner
11 posts
 19 Sep 2008 Fri 04:14 pm

I have a quaetion if anyone could answer it that would be great.

 

Im moving to turkey next year and i was wondering if i want to become a civilian i have to remain in the counrty for 5years. But i have heard that you get 6 weeks where you can leave the country. Now is that in a year or for the whole 5 years, because im hearing different things.

 

Thank you for anyones time. Nobody has been able to answer this yet.

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8.       lady in red
6947 posts
 19 Sep 2008 Fri 04:23 pm

 

Quoting ashleightanner

I have a quaetion if anyone could answer it that would be great.

 

Im moving to turkey next year and i was wondering if i want to become a civilian i have to remain in the counrty for 5years. But i have heard that you get 6 weeks where you can leave the country. Now is that in a year or for the whole 5 years, because im hearing different things.

 

Thank you for anyones time. Nobody has been able to answer this yet.

 

I think you meant citizen! (unless you are in the army of course! ) After 5 years of residency (i.e. with residency permit) you can apply for citizenship - for which you need to be able to speak reasonable Turkish.  At the moment, if you are married to a Turkish person you don´t need to pass the language test - but things change so often here.  I THINK that it is 6 weeks per year that you are allowed to be out of the country but we have never really gone into it as we have no intention of leaving for that long each year!  6 weeks in a 5 year period seems wrong somehow though.

 

Edit: Have a look here

9.       ashleightanner
11 posts
 19 Sep 2008 Fri 06:48 pm

 

Quoting lady in red

I think you meant citizen! (unless you are in the army of course! ) After 5 years of residency (i.e. with residency permit) you can apply for citizenship -  

 

 Ye i mean´t citizen!!!!!{#lang_emotions_shy} doh!!!! Also is there s difference between living permit and residency permit? what do you ned for a residant permit? Sorry to keep asking questions.

If you apply for a living permit then while your out there can you apply for the residency permit?

10.       lady in red
6947 posts
 19 Sep 2008 Fri 06:55 pm

 

Quoting ashleightanner

 Ye i mean´t citizen!!!!!{#lang_emotions_shy} doh!!!! Also is there s difference between living permit and residency permit? what do you ned for a residant permit? Sorry to keep asking questions.

If you apply for a living permit then while your out there can you apply for the residency permit?

 

 Not sure what you mean by a ´living permit´.  You can have 3 month visitor´s visa which you have to keep renewing by leaving the country.  For resident´s permit you have to prove you have sufficient income to ´meet your needs´ - i.e. live off!  A permanent address (can be rented accommodation) and a tax number.  You can get residency for one or two years to start with - they will give up to 5 years but most people seem to be given a maximum of 2 to start with.  Cost last year was 980 ytl per person for 2 years.  So you could come out on a 3 month´s visa and apply for residency as long as you can meet the conditions - or - you could take a day-trip to one of the Greek Islands (if you are near enough) or if you are in Istanbul for example you could cross over into Bulgaria to renew your visa.  But if you intend to go for citizenship you really need the residency permit.

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