Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Turkish Class Forums / Language

Language

Add reply to this discussion
Using ´if´ in Turkish sentences, the ´ise´ suffix
(22 Messages in 3 pages - View all)
1 2 [3]
20.       scalpel
1472 posts
 20 Feb 2012 Mon 01:17 pm

 

Quoting Abla

 

But there seems to be no aorist (even though I expected it)...

 

  Gallia valisi onu durdurmaya çalıştıysa da, yenilgiye uğradı.

 

Keep expecting.. It also could be written as this:

Gallia valisi onu durdurmaya çalışsa da başaramadı.*

 

*( I prefere başaramadı to yenilgiye uğradı in this sentence)      

 

 

21.       Abla
3642 posts
 28 Mar 2012 Wed 12:57 pm

 

For expressing real conditions in verbal clauses V + AOR + -se… is used:

Acele et|mez|se|n, treni kaçıracağız. ‘If you don’t hurry…’

 

When the condition is unreal, se is attached straight to the verb stem V + -se…:

Erken yat|sa|ydı|n, yorgun olmayacaktın. ‘If you slept early…’

 

Wishes are spoken out with the same formula. 

 

The above rule has been explained in a hundred threads before. But I still want to make sure how it works in existential (var/yok) and nominal (‘to be’/değil) sentences.

 

I choose as simple examples as possible:

 

‘If…’

Real condition

‘If…’

Unreal condition

Çocukları var.

Çocukları varsa…

‘If he has children…’

Çocukları olsa(ydı )…

‘If he had/had had children…’

Çocukları yok.

Çocukları yoksa…

‘If he doesn’t have children…’

Çocukları olmasa(ydı )…

‘If he didn’t have/hadn’t had children…’

Çocuklar evde.

Çocuklar evdeyse…

‘If the children are at home…’

Çocuklar evde olsa(ydı )…

‘If the children were/had been at home…’

Çocuklar evde  değil.

Çocuklar evde değilse…

‘If the children aren’t at home…’

Çocuklar evde olmasa(ydı )…

‘If the children weren’t/hadn’t been at home…’

 

 

In other words, when the condition is unreal the verb ol- is called for help.

 

Have I understood this correct? Are the translations in the table as they should be?



Edited (3/28/2012) by Abla

22.       Abla
3642 posts
 07 Jul 2012 Sat 04:51 pm

When tense/aspect/modality markers co-occur they appear in the order given below (Göksel – Kerslake). Copular markers (group 4) are composite. They consist of the copula -(y)- < *-i- and the grammatical marker –DI, -mIş or –sA. Copular markers attach to

 

1. nouns

2. verbs that contain one of the tense/aspect/modality suffixes in group 3

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

-(y)A ‘possibility’

-(y)Abil ‘possibility’

 

-(y)Iver ‘non-premeditative’

 

-DI ‘perfective’

 

-mIş ‘perfective, evidential’

 

-sA ‘conditional’

 

-(A/I)r/-z ‘aorist’

 

-(y)Acak ‘future’

 

-(I)yor ‘imperfective’

 

-mAlI ‘obligative’

 

-mAktA ‘imperfective’

 

-(y)A ‘optative’

Copular markers:

 

-(y)DI ‘past copula’

 

-(y)mIş ‘evidential copula’

 

-(y)sA ‘conditional copula’

-Dir ‘generalizing modality’

 

 

 

The double role of –sA- attracts attention here. It can occur either in group 3 or as a copular marker. I understand the difference is that of unreal and real conditions. That is why when it attaches to nouns it always denotes a real condition (of course because it is in the position of a copular marker!).



Edited (7/7/2012) by Abla
Edited (7/7/2012) by Abla

(22 Messages in 3 pages - View all)
1 2 [3]
Add reply to this discussion




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
T-E (short sentence)
Juafin: You have no even just a little bit ... on me.
t-e
og2009: COFFEE The heart seeks neither coffee nor a ... The heart ...
t-e
og2009: Çok sağ ol, arkadaş. Eline sağlık.
translate pls thk
Juafin: True
T-E
aruwin: Hi, can someone please kindly translate these into English ? 780 ...
translate pls thk
tunci: Your ... is correct.
EZEL
Mushin: Why not? How did we learn our language? And how do you think...
A question for you
Juafin: Hello everyone. I am a Turkish boy and would like to ask you a questio...
Song of day...
esrabh: nice ...
i want to learn turkish
esrabh: ... i have this site to learn turkish any site diffrient to study on...
poooo
denizli: I ... comment on the Admins a lot. But there used to be a lot ...
T-E monologue
scalpel - -: Our Dear Friend... We know nothing about you but your existe...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Locative Postpositions

Turkish lesson by turkishcobra
Level: beginner