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Making Adverbs out of Adjectives
1.       Abla
3647 posts
 27 Dec 2011 Tue 11:07 pm

etkili olarak ~ etkili bir şekilde

sağlıklı olarak ~ sağlıklı bir şekilde

hızlı olarak ~ hızlı bir şekilde

özel olarak ~ özel bir şekilde

Do they mean the same or close? If you can use one for a certain adjective can you use the other one, too?

2.       gokuyum
5050 posts
 28 Dec 2011 Wed 07:03 am

 

Quoting Abla

etkili olarak ~ etkili bir şekilde

sağlıklı olarak ~ sağlıklı bir şekilde

hızlı olarak ~ hızlı bir şekilde

özel olarak ~ özel bir şekilde

Do they mean the same or close? If you can use one for a certain adjective can you use the other one, too?

I would prefer to use ".... bir şekilde"

 

3.       Abla
3647 posts
 28 Dec 2011 Wed 08:50 am

"Almost any ´adjective´ can modify a verb: iyi çalışır, yol doğru gider, heyecanlı konuşuyor..." (Lewis 1967: XII Adverbs)

This is a relief for learners but also exciting front page news for grammar enthusiasts. It is another proof of the fact that traditional Latin based division of words into parts of speech doesn´t really make justice to Turkish.

I had to go and check the rules because I thought there has been some kind of black-out in my memory but it was really this simple. There are ony a couple of paragraphs to add to this issue, like

a) -ce makes adverbs of manner, like güzelce ´beautifully´, doğruca ´directly´

b) a repeated adjective may serve as an adverb: yavaş yavaş yürüyorduk ´we were walking slowly´

c) adjectives can be made into adverbs with the help of other words like şekil, olarak above or suret, biçim, hal: hafif surette ´lightly´, ağır biçimde ´heavily´, fena halde ´badly´.

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