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Turkish mini-dictionary useful for learners
1.       tristerecuerdos
518 posts
 01 Jun 2012 Fri 10:36 am

Hello! 

I hope it wiil be helpful for friends trying to learn turkish 

BASICS: 

These are important words any learner should/need to know. 

Merhaba= Hello

Günaydın= Good morning

İyi günler= Good afternoon

İyi akşamlar= Good evening

İyi geceler= Good night

Teşekkür ederim/Sağol= Thank you

Teşekkürler= Thanks

Bir şey değil= Not at all

Rica ederim= You´re welcome

Evet= Yes

Hayır= No

Tamam= Okay

Nasılsın/Nasılsınız?= How are you?

İyiyim= I´m fine.

Ne yapıyorsun?= What are you doing?

Hiç bir şey= Nothing

Özür dilerim= I´m sorry

Lütfen= Please

Biliyorum= I know

Bilmiyorum= I don´t know

Öptüm seni= I kissed you

Hoşçakal= Good bye

Görüşürüz= See you

Seni seviyorum= I love you. 

Seni çok seviyorum= I love you so much.

Seni özlüyorum= I miss you.

Sevgilim= My darling

Aşkım= My love

Tatlım= Honey, my sweet

Güzel= beautiful

Çok güzel= very beautiful

Çirkin= Ugly

(Sen) çok güzelsin= You´re very beautiful.

Nerelisin?= Where are you from?

Kaç yaşındasın?= How old are you?

Ne?= What?

Nerede?= Where?

Nasıl?= How?

İyi= Good

Kötü= Bad

Belki= Maybe

Dün= Yesterday

Bugün= Today

Yarın= Tomorrow

Gel= Come

Git= Go

Neredesin?= Where are you?

İsmin/adın ne? = What´s your name?

İsmim/adım...= My name is ...

Arkadaş= Friend

Arkadaşım= My friend

Kız= girl

Erkek= boy

Çünkü= because

Kalp/gönül/yürek= heart

İyi şanslar= Good luck

Saat kaç?= What´s the time?

Türkiye= Turkey

Türkçe= Turkish

İngilizce= English

 

PRONOUNS=>

Ben= I

Sen= You

O= He/she/it (There´s no gender of names in Turkish) 

Biz= We

Siz= You

Onlar= They

 

RENKLER (COLOURS)=>

Kırmızı= Red

Pembe= Pink

Mavi= Blue

Siyah= Black

Beyaz= White

Sarı= Yellow

Yeşil= Green

Mor= purple

Kahverengi= Brown

Turuncu= Orange

Gri= Grey

 

SAYILAR (NUMBERS)=>

Bir= 1 

İki= 2

Üç= 3

Dört= 4

Beş= 5

Altı= 6

Yedi= 7

Sekiz= 8

Dokuz=9

On= 10

On bir=11

On iki= 12

On üç= 13

On dört= 14

On beş= 15

On altı= 16

On yedi= 17

On sekiz= 18

On dokuz= 19 

Yirmi= 20

Yirmi bir= 21

Yirmi iki= 22

Yirmi üç=23

...

Otuz= 30

Kırk= 40

Elli= 50 

Altmış= 60

Yetmiş= 70

Seksen= 80

Doksan= 90

Yüz= 100

Bin= 1000

 

»

2.       tristerecuerdos
518 posts
 01 Jun 2012 Fri 10:38 am

This already exists in the lessons section, but it fits the subject;

Turkish alphabet contains 29 letters. (8 vowels and 21 consonants) There are 6 different letters which are " ç, ğ, ş" from consonants and "ı, ö, ü" from vowels. (q, w, x don´t appear in turkish. )Their pronunciation is like these=

 

ç= CHurch

ğ= fRüschtück (This is a german word (meaning breakfast), I don´t know any word pronunciated with "ğ" in english, so I gave example from german, I hope it helps )

ş= SHip 

 

ı= mothEr

ö= gIrl

ü= its pronunciation is like the vowel part in british english saying of "yOU", but again the german example "frÜschtÜck" contains this sound, too. 

 

*Turkish is a language whose words are pronunciated how they´re written. 

**There´s no word beginning with "ğ" in Turkish.

 

Good luck learnerrss.

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