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Suffixes that breaches the major wovel harmony.
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 11 Jun 2013 Tue 10:21 pm

 

Suffixes that breaches the major wovel  harmony.

 

 

Some suffixes breaches the major wawol  harmony in Turkish , they are  ;

 

 

-ken        : bakarken     --->  while [when]  looking

-ki          : aamki        --->  the one that is [was] in the evening

-leyin     : sabahleyin    ---->   in  the  morning

-gil         : dayımgil       ---> my uncle [mother´s brother] and his family

-imtırak  : yeşilimtırak  ---> greenish 

-daş         :meslektaş      ---->  colleague

-yor         :bekliyor         ----> he/she  is  waiting

 

 

note :  " major  vowel harmony  is" ;

If  the first  vowel of  the very first syllable  of  a word starts with a back vowel [a,ı, o , u ] , the rest take  the back vowel.

  If   the  first  vowel of the very first syllable of a word starts with  a front vowel [e,i, ö, ü ] , the rest  take the front vowel.

Bir kelimenin birinci hecesinde kalın bir ünlü (a, ı, o, u) bulunuyorsa diğer hecelerdeki ünlüler de kalın, ince bir ünlü (e, i, ö, ü bulunuyorsa diğer hecelerdeki ünlüler de ince olur:

 

Examples ;


 adım

 aya

boyunduruk

 burun

dalga 

dudak

 kırlangıç

beşik

bilezik

 gelincik

gözlük

üzengi

 vergi

yüzük 

 

* Foreign origin words  does not  obey  this rule.

Kilogram  

Mikrodalga

 

Moha-ios, Sir_Robalot, Nadya., nifrtity, Kelowna and 3 others liked this message
2.       tunci
7149 posts
 13 Jun 2013 Thu 09:35 pm

 

Despite the  unrounded - rounded  harmony  in Turkish words ,  there is some Turkish words that don´t follow this harmony . Those ones are the ones which have  lip consonants in them  [ b, p, m, v ]

 

  In those Turkish  words that have  b, p, m , v ,   the old vowel "u" was protected  after  "a".

 

 Tavuk  

 

 Yağmu

 

 Tapu 

 

 kavu

 

 savu

 

 avuç 

 

 çamur

 

 yavr

 

etc..

nifrtity, Efi70 and Kelowna liked this message
3.       Kelowna
375 posts
 13 Jun 2013 Thu 09:55 pm

nice job explaining this

4.       tunci
7149 posts
 14 Jun 2013 Fri 03:02 pm

 

Vowel harmony is not always  expected in  compound nouns or verbs .[ when more than one nouns or verbs  forms in as one noun or verb ]

 

 

 Some  examples ;

 

 

ilk  = first

 

okul = school

 

İlk +  okul  ---->  İlkokul  -------->   Elementary school.

 

=======================

 

açık  -  open

 

göz  -  eye

 

ık   +  göz  ----->  açıkgöz  ---->  Shrewd [person], canny 

 

=======================

 

yap =  do 

 

vermek =  to  give 

 

yap  +   ı +   vermek  ---->  yapıvermek  ------>  to do [make]  something easily, quickly, hastily, rapidly  [verb of haste]

 

========================

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