Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Turkish Class Forums / Language

Language

Add reply to this discussion
Passive Verbs
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 02 Oct 2013 Wed 08:57 pm

 

 

PASSIVE  VERBS

To make active verbs passive, it is more like follows the rules below ;

 

1. Verbs  stems that  end in a consonant [other than -l ],  form the passive by taking  "ıl /il/ul/ül ´.

 

vermek - to give

verilmek - to be given

 

sunmak  - to present

sunulmak -to be presented

 

açmak   - to open

ılmak  - to be opened

 

Çocuk  yurtdışına gönderilecek - The child will be sent to abroad.

 

O, dün buralarda görüldü - He was seen hereabouts yesterday.

 

*****************************************

2. Verbs  stems that end in " l ",  form the passive by  taking  "in, ın, un, ün ".


bulmak  - to find

bulunmak - to be found

 

almak - to take

alınmak - to be taken

 

silmek - to erase

silinmek - to be erased

 

çalmak - to steal

çalınmak - to be stolen

 

Cep telefonum çalındı.

My mobile phone was stolen.

 

O sandalyeler satın alındı.

Those chairs were bought.

*******************************************

3. Verbs stems that end in a vowel, form the passive by taking  ´n´.

 

kapamak - to close

kapanmak - to be closed

 

söylemek - to say

söylenmek - to be said

 

başlamak - to begin

başlanmak - to be begun

 

temizlemek - to clean

temizlenmek - to be cleaned

 

Pencereler temizlendi.

The windows have been cleaned.

 

Bu gazete okunmalı.

This newspaper must be read.

 

******************************************

* Also , the word ´taraf´ is used in a possessive construction + dan  to show the doer.

tarafından - by

 

[benim] tarafımdan -  by me

[senin ] tarafından -   by you

[onun]   tarafından    - by him/her

[bizim] tarafımızdan - by us

[sizin]  tarafınızdan - by you [plural]

[onların] tarafından - by them

 

Kitap, Ali tarafından yazıldı.

The book was written by Ali.

 

Gelecek ay, onlar tarafından yeni bir okul yaptırılacak.

A new school will be built next month by them.



Edited (10/2/2013) by tunci

Moha-ios, TheNemanja and elenagabriela liked this message
Add reply to this discussion




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
TLC servers hacked, all user emails & pass...
admin: We removed the user password data from the servers until the issue is ...
E-T: It´s one of the things on my bu...
gokuyum: No. It doesnt make sense. You can say ... yapmak istediğim bi...
T-E
og2009: DÜNYA TOPLUMU VE FELSEFE ... okul ... felsefe ... ....
Holidays in Turkey
: ...
24 HOUR FLASH SALE for learning Turkish e-...
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: ...
E-T: I see you have done this before?
harp00n: Bunu ... daha önce de ... Bu konuda iyi olduğun ç...
T-E
og2009: ...
T-E
og2009: ...
coronavirus
og2009: ...
OUR FRIENDS
og2009: ...
Coronavirus
harp00n: ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented