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Passive Verbs
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 02 Oct 2013 Wed 08:57 pm




To make active verbs passive, it is more like follows the rules below ;


1. Verbs  stems that  end in a consonant [other than -l ],  form the passive by taking  "ıl /il/ul/ül ´.


vermek - to give

verilmek - to be given


sunmak  - to present

sunulmak -to be presented


açmak   - to open

ılmak  - to be opened


Çocuk  yurtdışına gönderilecek - The child will be sent to abroad.


O, dün buralarda görüldü - He was seen hereabouts yesterday.



2. Verbs  stems that end in " l ",  form the passive by  taking  "in, ın, un, ün ".

bulmak  - to find

bulunmak - to be found


almak - to take

alınmak - to be taken


silmek - to erase

silinmek - to be erased


çalmak - to steal

çalınmak - to be stolen


Cep telefonum çalındı.

My mobile phone was stolen.


O sandalyeler satın alındı.

Those chairs were bought.


3. Verbs stems that end in a vowel, form the passive by taking  ´n´.


kapamak - to close

kapanmak - to be closed


söylemek - to say

söylenmek - to be said


başlamak - to begin

başlanmak - to be begun


temizlemek - to clean

temizlenmek - to be cleaned


Pencereler temizlendi.

The windows have been cleaned.


Bu gazete okunmalı.

This newspaper must be read.



* Also , the word ´taraf´ is used in a possessive construction + dan  to show the doer.

tarafından - by


[benim] tarafımdan -  by me

[senin ] tarafından -   by you

[onun]   tarafından    - by him/her

[bizim] tarafımızdan - by us

[sizin]  tarafınızdan - by you [plural]

[onların] tarafından - by them


Kitap, Ali tarafından yazıldı.

The book was written by Ali.


Gelecek ay, onlar tarafından yeni bir okul yaptırılacak.

A new school will be built next month by them.

Edited (10/2/2013) by tunci

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