Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Turkish Class Forums / Language


Add reply to this discussion
Question about postpositions
1.       ls90
2 posts
 05 Dec 2013 Thu 05:14 pm


I just have a quick question about postpositions


For example, say I want to write under the table, it´s masanın altında

but why is ´masa/table´ in the genetive case?


Thank you

2.       Abla
3647 posts
 05 Dec 2013 Thu 06:08 pm

Actually we could just say that is the way it is  -  like many rules in grammar. But Turkish grammar is transparent and there is a logical reason for the genitive case.


alt is a noun. It means ´bottom, place beneath´. Thus,


                           masa|nın alt|ı|n|da


has the litteral meaning ´in the table´s bottom side´. Turkish postpositions have developed from place expressions like this into compounds with more abstract meanings like el altında ´accessible´, bu şartlar altında ´in these premises´. Like any compounds they can also have nominative modifiers according to certain rules introduced in many lessons and posts at TC. In my experience, the compounds with genitive modifiers tend to be more concrete: the meaning of ownership or ´a part of a wholeness´ is still visible in them.


Most Turkish postpositions function the same way, like üst ´top, upper surface´ > masanın üstünde, ön ´front´ > masanın önünde, arka ´rear, back side´ > masanın arkasında.

ls90 liked this message
3.       ls90
2 posts
 05 Dec 2013 Thu 09:18 pm

thank you so much for your response! it´s a lot clearer now

Add reply to this discussion

Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
24 HOUR FLASH SALE for learning Turkish e-...
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: ...
E-T: I see you have done this before?
harp00n: Bunu ... daha önce de ... Bu konuda iyi olduğun ç...
E-T: It´s one of the things on my bu...
denizli: hmmm I ... think there are suffixes ... nor ... But I know wha...
og2009: ...
og2009: ...
og2009: ...
og2009: ...
harp00n: ...
TLC servers hacked, all user emails & pass...
alerque: This sites entire user database seems to have been hacked, I´m ...
og2009: ...
Individually Tailored Private Turkish Less...
sumrutemur: Do you want to learn Turkish? Do you want to improve your speaking, wr...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented