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So called subject
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 01 Jan 2014 Wed 09:01 pm


So called subject


So called subjects ” are seen in some sentences in which the  subject is not clear.  In such cases, we choose the element which is effected by the action as a subject and we call it “so called subject ”.

* The passive sentences  produce this type of subjects.


For example ;


Bu konu çok iyi anlaşıldı.  -à This subject is understood very well.


In the sentence above, we don’t know by who the action [being understood] is performed, what we know is “ bu konu [this subject] is the element that is effected by the action. Therefore , it functions as a subject. [so called subject]


Bu konu -à “so called subject ”


anlaşıldı  -à predicate




Bütün işler    yapıldı.        ---à All   jobs have been done.   

S.C Subject    Predicate


Here, we don’t know who done all jobs, all we know is the jobs has been done. “ All the jobs” is the element that is effected by the action most. Therefore the “ so called subject ”  is “ Bütün işler” [All jobs ]




Çiçekler         sulanıyor.  --à The flowers are being watered.

S.C Subject     Predicate



Kapı          usulca    açıldı. -à The door was opened quietly.

S.C Subject              Predicate


Pamuklar     toplandı.  -à  The cottons were picked. [collected]

S.C Subject    Predicate




Moha-ios liked this message
2.       Abla
3647 posts
 01 Jan 2014 Wed 10:53 pm

Well well grammatically they are very full subjects. Embed them into a sentence and they act exactly like subjects do:


                       Bütün işler yapıldı > Bütün işlerin yapıldığını anlattı.


But of course the semantic role they play in the sentence is not the most typical one for a subject, i.e. actor, They can rather be seen as the patients of the predicate.

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