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Verbal Adjectives
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 13 Jan 2014 Mon 12:36 pm

 

Turkish verbal adjectives generally show FIVE charateristics of  tenses in their participal usages


1. Past [-dik] and its negative form [-medik] ;

Sevdiğim arkadaş.
Kestiğim  ekmek
Yazdığı mektup
Gördükleri bahçe.
Tanımadığım adam.
Yapılmadık iş.
2. Present Participle [-en] and its negative form [ -meyen]

Gelen misafir.
Ağlayan hasta.
Sallanan dallar.
Bekleyen adamlar.
Açılan fabrika.
Çalışmayan öğrenciler.
3. Perfect Participle [-miş ] and its negative form [-mamış,-memiş]

Solmuş renkler.
Doğmuş çocuk.
Şişmiş omuz.
Okumamış adam.
Artmış fiyatlar.
Haşlanmamış yumurta.
4. Future;

   A)  [-ecek,-acak ] and its negative form [ -meyecek,-mayacak ]
 
   Büyüyecek çocuk.
   Yatacak misafir.
   Anlamayacak öğrenci.
   Gelmeyecek mektup.
   Binmeyecekleri tren.
   B) [-esi] and its negative form [-mez, -maz]
   
    Kör  olası herif.
    Canı çıkmayası kadın.
    Adı batası


5. Aorist Participle [-ar,-er] and its negative form [-maz,-mez]

     Çalar saat.
     Akar su.
     Çıkar yol.
     Çıkmaz sokak.
     Döner kebap.
     Kırılmaz cam.
     Paslanmaz çelik.
     Güler yüz.
     Çekmez kumaş.

 



Edited (1/13/2014) by tunci
Edited (1/13/2014) by tunci

mira 25, Moha-ios, * Lamda*, FahimaE and elenagabriela liked this message
2.       Adam25
369 posts
 13 Jan 2014 Mon 04:29 pm

I thought that the ´dik´ and ´en´ endings indicated object and subject participles? How do tenses come into it?  I´m confused now.

3.       tunci
7149 posts
 13 Jan 2014 Mon 06:08 pm

 

Quoting Adam25

I thought that the ´dik´ and ´en´ endings indicated object and subject participles? How do tenses come into it?  I´m confused now.

 

Adam, they have tense characteristics as they they come from verbs.

Lets see some of them  ;


Past -dik [The verbal adjectives formed of -dik can carry both tenses though [past - present]

Kestiğin ekmek [ The bread which I cut [sliced]

Here, it is verbal adjective since it describes the noun [bread]

The action of slicing the bread was performed in the past. Therefore, it has tense which is past.

 

Kestiğin ekmeği masaya koy.

Put the bread you sliced on the table.


---------------

 * Sevdiğim arkadaş ---> This may cause confusion, since, this type of forms with -dik participle can indicate the present.

 The friend I love [like] ---> The friend I  love now , not only in the past. So we need the whole context to decide.

Ece sevdiğim bir arkadaş.  ---> Ece was friend of mine whom I loved [liked].

From the sentence above, It is not very clear that if the speaker  still loves his friend or something else happened and he changed his mind about loving his friend.

 

====================================================

 Present Participle -en


Yürüyen adam  ---> A man who is walking

The action of  walking is happening at present moment.

 

Yoldan geçen adam ---> The man who is passing the street.

Yoldan geçen adamı tanıyor musun  ? ---> Do you know the man who is passing the street ?

The action of his passing the street is occuring at present time.

======================================================

However, it may also indicate the past due to the context ;

Açılan fabrika

 

Geçen hafta açılan fabrikayı gördün mü ?

Have you seen the factory which was opened last week.

 

 

mira 25, Moha-ios, Adam25 and elenagabriela liked this message
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