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Suffixes
1.       am_1010
246 posts
 05 Mar 2014 Wed 04:44 pm

Merhaba. Nasılsın herkese? 

Can anyone switch this list of suffixes to their Turkish suffixes?

Suffixes that make nouns:

1. -ance, -ence (like appearance, difference)

2. -ee (like employee)

3. -er, -or (like teacher, creator)

4. -ion, -tion (like attraction)

5. -ity (like clarity)

6. -ment (like enjoyment)

7. -ness (like blindness, sadness, happiness)

8. -ure (like pleasure)

 

Suffixes that make verbs:

1. -ate (like compensate)

2. -ify (like amplify, simplify)

3. -ize (like criticize, realize)

 

Suffixes that make adjectives:

1. -able, -ible (like adorable, loveable, capable)

2. -al, -ial (like nocturnal

3. -en (like wooden)

4. -ese (like vietnamese)

5. -ian (like Jordanian, Syrian)

6. -ful (like wonderful)

7. -ic (like academic)

8. -ish (like reddish)

9. -ive (like replusive)

10. -less (like worthless, useless)

11. -ous, -ious (like prestigious)

12. -y (like thrifty)

 

That´s all. 

Teşekkürler! İyi günler, iyi akşamlar ve iyi geceler



Edited (3/5/2014) by am_1010
Edited (3/6/2014) by am_1010

2.       gokuyum
5049 posts
 05 Mar 2014 Wed 08:18 pm

 

Quoting am_1010

Merhaba. Nasılsın herkese? 

Can anyone translate this list of suffixes to their Turkish suffixes?

Suffixes that make nouns:

1. -ance, -ence (like appearance, difference)

2. -ee (like employee)

3. -er, -or (like teacher, creator)

4. -ion, -tion (like attraction)

5. -ity (like clarity)

6. -ment (like enjoyment)

7. -ness (like blindness, sadness, happiness)

8. -ure (like pleasure)

 

Suffixes that make verbs:

1. -ate (like compensate)

2. -ify (like amplify, simplify)

3. -ize (like criticize, realize)

 

Suffixes that make adjectives:

1. -able, -ible (like adorable, loveable, capable)

2. -al, -ial (like nocturnal

3. -en (like wooden)

4. -ese (like vietnamese)

5. -ian (like Jordanian, Syrian)

6. -ful (like wonderful)

7. -ic (like academic)

8. -ish (like reddish)

9. -ive (like replusive)

10. -less (like worthless, useless)

11. -ous, -ious (like prestigious)

12. -y (like thrifty)

 

That´s all. 

Teşekkürler! İyi günler, iyi akşamlar ve iyi geceler

You cant translate suffixes. You cant find exact equivalents of them. So I will just give you some links:

 

Suffixes that make nouns from verbs

http://www.edebiyatsayfasi.com/isimden-fiil-yapan-ekler/

 

Suffixes that makes nouns from nouns:

http://www.edebiyatsayfasi.com/isimden-isim-yapan-ekler/

 

Suffixes that make verbs from nouns:

http://www.edebiyatsayfasi.com/fiilden-isim-yapan-ekler/

 

Suffixes that make verbs from verbs:

http://www.yenimakale.com/fiilden-fiil-yapan-ekler.html

 

Suffixes that make adjactives from nouns:

http://www.netfikir.net/2010/09/isimden-sifat-yapan-ekler-addan-sifat.html

 

Suffixes that make adjactives from verbs:

http://www.diledebiyat.net/kelime-bilgisi/kelime-turleri/fiilimsiler/sifat-fiiller

 

 

 

 



Edited (3/5/2014) by gokuyum
Edited (3/5/2014) by gokuyum
Edited (3/5/2014) by gokuyum

am_1010, tunci, elenagabriela and tomac liked this message
3.       tunci
7149 posts
 05 Mar 2014 Wed 10:13 pm

 

 

You can´t exactly match the suffixes of  two  very different languages like Turkish and English.

 

But , if we had to find the closest suffixes,that may help you while translating, some of them are ;

 

*er, ar  -----> -men,- man , -ici [ıcı , ucu,ücü]

 

This suffix -man [-men] makes some verbs nouns. [note ; not all verbs, some verbs ! ]

 Verb stem + man [men] according to vowel harmony

Danışmak --->  To counsult, to advice   ----  Danışman --->  Consultant, adviser

Öğretmek ---> To teach   ------  Öğretmen ---> Teacher

Eğitmek  -----> To educate  ----  Eğitmen  -----> Educater

Seçmek -------> To choose, to elect,to vote -----> Seçmen ----> Voter [in elections]

Icı

Yarat + ıcı ------> Yaratıcı --->  Creator

İzle  + y + ici  ---> İzleyici  --->  Viewer

 


----------------------------------------------

The Suffix -MSI [-ımsı, -imsi, -umsu, ümsü ]   -----> ish

 

This suffix comes especially to the end of colors and gives them the meaning of  "likeness"

  

beyaz [white ] ----> beyazımsı [whitesh]

kırmızı [ red ] ------> kırmızımsı [ reddish ]

sarı   [yellow ] -----> sarımsı [ yellowish ]

siyah [black] -------> siyahımsı [ blackish ]

pembe [ pink ] ------> pembemsi [ pinky,pinkish]

yeşil [green] --------> yeşilimsi [greenish ]

mor [ purple ] -------> morumsu [ purpleish]

mavi [blue] ----------> mavimsi [ blueish ]

 

* The suffix -msı also comes to some other words to give them "likeness " "littleness " such as ;

acı [bitter,hot] -----> acımsı [ bitterish , bit bitter ]

tatlı [sweet] --------> tatlımsı [ sweetish , bit sweet ]

ekşi [sour] -----------> ekşimsi [ sourish ]

 

==================================================

 

 

-able, -ible (like adorable, loveable, capable)  ----> [il] -ebilir , -ası [esi]


Verb stem + passive mood marker + ebilir

Verb stem  + esi,ası


Adorable --> Tapılası

curable ---> Tedavi et + il [passive marking]+ ebilir  ---->  tedavi  edilebilir,

                  iyileştir + il [passive form] + ebilir  --> iyileştirilebilir.

understandable  ---> Anlaşılabilir

eatable  --> ye + n [passive marking] + ebilir ---> yenebilir

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 -less (like worthless, useless)  ----> -sIz [siz , suz, süz ]

 Worth + less ---> Kıymet + siz  ----> Kıymetsiz

 Use  + less  --->  Fayda + sız  ---> Faydasız  or  Yararsız

 Heart + less ---> Kalp + siz ---> Kalpsiz

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

 

-ic (like academic)  ----> - ik    [* This one may match  with its english equilant as we also use it as loanword and loansuffix ]

Academic ---> Akademik

Economic  ----> Ekonomik

strategic  ----> Stratejik

------------------------------------------------------------------

 


-ian (like Jordanian, Syrian)

 

-lı, li , lu , lü  IF  it is used with some nationalities like them.

Suriye + li  ----> Syrian

Ürdün + ----> Jordanian

Etiyopya +---> Ethiyopian


-cı,ci  IF they are describing some academic professions, such as:

Historian   ----> Tarihçi

Mathematician ----> Matematikçi

 


* Again,  these suffixes may not  match exactly to every word so  don´t apply them in every translation.

Moha-ios, Henry, elenagabriela, am_1010 and gokuyum liked this message
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