Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Turkish Class Forums / Language

Language

Add reply to this discussion
en to tr
1.       ikicihan
1127 posts
 04 Oct 2014 Sat 02:42 am

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge."

what do "that" and "of" mean here, i cannot fully understand. if i built this sentence, i would ignore the "that of" part, or at least "of" part. is there any difference in the meaning with and without that parts?

 



Edited (10/4/2014) by ikicihan

2.       tunci
7149 posts
 04 Oct 2014 Sat 03:28 am

 

Quoting ikicihan

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge."

what do "that" and "of" mean here, i cannot fully understand. if i built this sentence, i would ignore the "that of" part, or at least "of" part. is there any difference in the meaning with and without that parts?

 

 

I am not a native English speaker but my understanding by “that of ” is its pronoun function.

 

"That of" is mostly used to compare two things (that is used as a pronoun).

 

The population of Istanbul is greater than the population of Ankara . = The population of Istanbul is greater than that of Ankara.

 

Likewise, in your sentence it is used as kind of pronoun which is subject of the compound sentence [one of the key issues]   in order to avoid repating it.

 

one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge." = One of the key issues to be decided was the issue of the rail gauge.

 

 

 



Edited (10/4/2014) by tunci
Edited (10/4/2014) by tunci

raydin liked this message
3.       Henry
2604 posts
 04 Oct 2014 Sat 07:08 am

 

Quoting ikicihan

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge."

what do "that" and "of" mean here, i cannot fully understand. if i built this sentence, i would ignore the "that of" part, or at least "of" part. is there any difference in the meaning with and without that parts?


I´m not an English grammar teacher, but it is my native language. I will try to help.

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge."

(Time part, subject verb 

Yes, in my opinion, the sentence would still have the same meaning if you didn´t use ´that of´.

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was the rail gauge." (OK)

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was (that of) which rail gauge to use." (more detail, and ´that of´ is optional)

"As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that the rail gauge." (Without ´of´ it does not make sense in English)

In America different private railway companies built railways with different gauges (rail widths).

In Australia different states built railways with different rail guages before Australia became one nation in 1901.

Add reply to this discussion




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E-T: I see you have done this before?
harp00n: Bunu ... daha önce de ... Bu konuda iyi olduğun ç...
E-T: It´s one of the things on my bu...
denizli: hmmm I ... think there are suffixes ... nor ... But I know wha...
T-E
og2009: ...
T-E
og2009: ...
coronavirus
og2009: ...
OUR FRIENDS
og2009: ...
Coronavirus
harp00n: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: Buy now from amazon.com and save $5.91.
TLC servers hacked, all user emails & pass...
alerque: This sites entire user database seems to have been hacked, I´m ...
T-E
og2009: ...
Individually Tailored Private Turkish Less...
sumrutemur: Do you want to learn Turkish? Do you want to improve your speaking, wr...
Short English>Turkish plz
Tazx1: Please can a Native speaker of Turkish translate the following sentenc...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked