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-do being the final suffix on a verb?
1.       The Horak
1 posts
 25 Nov 2014 Tue 08:41 pm

Hello, I´m new to this site, as well as the Turkish language, so please forgive me if this is a known question or in the whong forum. I was reading a small book in Turkish, and I noticed these two verbs:

yaşıyorlardı

paylaşıyorlardı

 

Both verbs are present continuous tense (iyor), correct? Does the -di at the end of these make them past tense? If so, why would paylaştılar (not sure of vowel harmony and consonant mutation there) not be used?

 

Çok teşekkürler!



Edited (11/25/2014) by The Horak

2.       tunci
7149 posts
 25 Nov 2014 Tue 09:18 pm

 

Quoting The Horak

Hello, I´m new to this site, as well as the Turkish language, so please forgive me if this is a known question or in the whong forum. I was reading a small book in Turkish, and I noticed these two verbs:

yaşıyorlardı

paylaşıyorlardı

 

Both verbs are present continuous tense (iyor), correct? Does the -di at the end of these make them past tense? If so, why would paylaştılar (not sure of vowel harmony and consonant mutation there) not be used?

 

Çok teşekkürler!

 

Yes, -di  makes them past, and with -iyor  it becomes past + continues ---> a certain action in the past WAS continuing. ---> PAST CONTINUOUS

yaşıyorlar --> They were living

paylaşıyorlar--->  They were sharing

 

As you know The past continuous tense in English is used quite often, especially when telling stories.

 

Abla liked this message
3.       Abla
3647 posts
 25 Nov 2014 Tue 09:24 pm

Because.

 

IYOR is not actually a present tense marking. Present tense has no marking. So what makes çalışıyor present tense is lack of any tense marking. What IYOR brings to the verb is the meaning of a continuous action. So, çalış+ıyor+du ´he was (continuously) working´.

 

For didactive reasons in textbooks IYOR is often connected with present tense. It works for a while but very soon contradictions like this occur.

4.       denizli
961 posts
 25 Nov 2014 Tue 09:24 pm

This link has all the endings for past continous, near the bottom:

 

http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/pasttense.htm

 

Yes, you have to worry about vowel harmony. But with this tense it will be the same for every verb, because of the ´iyor´ (or iyorlar).

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