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Confused by combined suffixes, need a breakdown
1.       emilyp
35 posts
 20 Oct 2015 Tue 08:20 pm

´Bir günlüğüne kayak kiralıyor."

 

I know that it´s saying he/she rents skiis for a day, but i´m confused by the conjugations of gün. Can someone break down the suffixs on that word for me? 

2.       Henry
2604 posts
 21 Oct 2015 Wed 02:12 am

 

Quoting emilyp

´Bir günlüğüne kayak kiralıyor."

 

I know that it´s saying he/she rents skiis for a day, but i´m confused by the conjugations of gün. Can someone break down the suffixs on that word for me? 

my attempt to explain

gün = day

günlük = daily (lik/lık/luk/lük = derivational suffix, added to nouns to form adjectives or other nouns)

Quote:Tunci

Derivational suffix: -LIK

 

This suffix is added to nouns to form adjectives, and to adjectives to

form nouns. Its other forms are  lik, luk, lük 

 

güzel :beautiful        güzellik ----> beauty

iyi :  good               iyilik   -----> goodness

hasta : sick             hastalık ----> illness

temiz : clean           temizlik ------> cleanliness

kim  : who              kimlik ------->  identity

gün : day               günlük ------> daily

baş : head              başlık ------> headline

 

 

This suffix also functions as  “for”  like için.

 

Beş kişilik bir oda istiyorum. -à  I want a room for five.

 

 * As an adjective :

 

Beş günlük bir tatil yaptık. ----> We had a 5 day holiday.

 

Tek kişilik bir yatak aldık.  ---->  We bought a single bed (bed for one).

 

Bugünkü gazetenin başlığını gördün mü ?  Have you seen the headline of today’s newspaper ?

 

The -LiK Sufffix also indicates the purpose for which something is

intended or used:

 

şeker  sugar     şekerlik - Sugar bowl

kulak  ear         kulaklık - Head-phones

tuz salt             tuzluk   - salt-shaker

anahtar key     anahtarlık - key-holder /keychain

 

The –LIK suffix may also comes after  -, -sız and -ci

suffixes, indicating a state of having, not having and being

something: 

canlı  [lively]  -à  canlılık   liveliness

akılsız [ unintelligent/ stupid ] -à  akılsızlık stupidity

dişçi  [dentist] --à  dişçilik  dentistry /state of being dentist

the next part of the breakdown is harder for me as it has two possibilities

günlük + ün (your) + e (dative suffix) used with the following verb 

günlük + ü (his/her) + n (buffer letter) + e (dative suffix)

(the k in günlük mutates to a ğ when followed by a suffix beginning with a vowel)

 

 

JNQ and denizli liked this message
3.       kertmeyenkele
100 posts
 21 Oct 2015 Wed 07:57 am

 

Quoting Henry

 

the next part of the breakdown is harder for me as it has two possibilities

 

günlük + ün (your) + e (dative suffix) used with the following verb 

günlük + ü (his/her) + n (buffer letter) + e (dative suffix)

(the k in günlük mutates to a ğ when followed by a suffix beginning with a vowel)

 

 

 

gün-lük = daily

gün-lük-ü = (added possessive suffix -(s)i) one day of it

gün-lük-ü-n-e = (dative case suffix -e is added) for its one day of it

 

-n- is pronomial-n which is added after a possessive suffix as a buffer letter when there is a V-V collision.

 

Henry and JNQ liked this message
4.       JNQ
465 posts
 21 Oct 2015 Wed 11:22 am

Never mind I got it



Edited (10/21/2015) by JNQ

5.       emilyp
35 posts
 22 Oct 2015 Thu 08:30 pm

Thank you!!!!!{#emotions_dlg.nuts}

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