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Combining -leş, -tir, -il etc ...
1.       Tazx1
434 posts
 22 Jan 2019 Tue 12:26 am

I have great difficulty in understanding how to make compound adjectives using ... -leş, -tir, -il etc. forexample GERÇEK-LEŞ-TIR-İL-MİŞ .... Please can a knowlegable person point me in the right direction or provide guidance.  I am a native speaker of English ... but not familiar with English grammar at all!!

2.       qdemir
784 posts
 22 Jan 2019 Tue 02:52 pm

-leş makes verbs from nouns. It means become.

-tir forms verbs from verbs in the sense of causative.

-il forms passive verbs.

 

You may or may not use these suffixes before  -miş, which makes adjectives from verbs.

Look at these examples:

 

iyi pişmiş (< piş) bir pirzola 

taze sıkılmış (< sık) portakal suyu

dondurulmuş (< don) yiyecekler

keşfedilmemiş (< keşfet) topraklar 

 

Look also at this idiom:

 

Ölmüş eşek kurttan korkmaz.

 

3.       qdemir
784 posts
 22 Jan 2019 Tue 02:52 pm

-leş makes verbs from nouns. It means become.

-tir forms verbs from verbs in the sense of causative.

-il forms passive verbs.

 

You may or may not use these suffixes before  -miş, which makes adjectives from verbs.

Look at these examples:

 

iyi pişmiş (< piş) bir pirzola 

taze sıkılmış (< sık) portakal suyu

dondurulmuş (< don) yiyecekler

keşfedilmemiş (< keşfet) topraklar 

 

Look also at this idiom:

 

Ölmüş eşek kurttan korkmaz.

 

4.       Tazx1
434 posts
 22 Jan 2019 Tue 10:20 pm

Thank you qdemir ... my problem is when these modifiers come in the same noun one after the other ... as in ´Gerçekleştirilmis´!!! ... just an example!  And to add to difficulty ... sometimes it involves deploying ´Double Negatives´.  Things appear simple for a ´Native´ speaker of Turkish ... but a ´Foreign´ learner and a prize idiot like me needs a whole chapter that explains and provides exempler sentences.  Just ennunciation of dry rules leave a void.  Is there a ´Link´ or a source that I might access.  But thank you explaining at least one thing viz.,You may or may not use these suffixes before  -miş, which makes adjectives from verbs. This has been somewhat helpful. Thanks.



Edited (Jan 22) by Tazx1 [typo error]

5.       qdemir
784 posts
 23 Jan 2019 Wed 12:18 am

Check out https://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk.  

You may also like to check out my grammar and vocabulary books at https://www.easyturkishgrammar.com.

 

6.       Tazx1
434 posts
 23 Jan 2019 Wed 06:21 pm

Thank you very much for your kind help.  I will visit the ´Links´ you suggest.

Regards.  

Tazx1

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