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possessive case help me..
1.       jinkyu
1 posts
 27 Feb 2019 Wed 09:33 am

Hi there!

I have a question about possessive case

 

in my textbook)

Dünyan覺n ülkesinde,

this sentence, I dont know why ülkesi´n´de

why ´n´ is there??

 

in my univ I study possessive

something+(n)In + something + I(s)

 

so I think that

Dünya+(n)覺n  +  ülke+(s)I + DA... = Dünyan覺n ülkeside

what is diffirent Dünyan覺n ülkesinde and Dünyan覺n ülkeside??

And why am I wrong??

 

2.       Henry
2603 posts
 27 Feb 2019 Wed 12:13 pm

 

Quoting jinkyu

Hi there!

I have a question about possessive case

 

in my textbook)

Dünyan覺n ülkesinde,

this sentence, I dont know why ülkesi´n´de

why ´n´ is there??

 

in my univ I study possessive

something+(n)In + something + (s)I

 

so I think that

Dünya+(n)覺n  +  ülke+(s)I + DA... = Dünyan覺n ülkeside

what is diffirent Dünyan覺n ülkesinde and Dünyan覺n ülkeside??

And why am I wrong??

 

 

Quote from "Turkish An Essential Grammar" by Goksel and Kerslake (which is a great book for Turkish grammar and explanations, especially if you are seriously studying Turkish):

Irregular changes in stems and suffixes

´n´ appears after certain suffixes or words when these are followed by a case suffix, -ce or -ler (except -(y)le). Note that ´n´ is inserted whether the suffix begins with a vowel or a consonant.

 

1) at the end of pronouns

o (he/she/it/that) examples:

ona = to him/her/it/that

onsuz = without him/her/it/that

bu (this) examples:

buna = to this (one)

bunlar = these

u (this/that) examples:

una = to this/that (one)

unca = this much

2) at the end of the reflexive pronouns kendi, kendisi and kendileri

kendine = to him/herself

kendisince = in his/her own view

3) at the end of reciprocal pronouns birbiri and birbirlereri

birbirine = each other (accusative)

birbirinden = from each other

4) at the end of 3rd person possessive form -(s)i

bahçesini = his/her garden (accusative)

bahçesinde = in his/her garden (locative)

5) at the end of the pronominal form -ki

evdeki = the one at home, evdekinde = on the one at home

 

Dünyan覺n ülkesinde is the only correct form. This is just something you have to learn. Hope the quoted text helps you in your studies. Smile

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