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  Beginner 1, section 3   >>   Minor Vowel Harmony   >>   Vowel harmony in noun sentences

Vowel harmony in noun sentences
Answer questions 1 - 13 based on the following text:

In Turkish noun sentences take the same personal suffixes as the present continuous tense and future tense.

 

Examples:

Both these sentences have the same personal suffix:

1. Ben İstanbul´a gidiyorum. (verb sentence in present continuous tense)

Ben öğrenciyim. (noun sentence in present tense)

 

Both these sentences have the same personal suffix:

2. Biz Istanbul´da yaşıyoruz. (verb sentence in present continuous tense)

Biz öğrenciyiz. (noun sentence in present tense)

 

The personal suffix moves after the question suffix in noun sentences in present tense. In negative noun sentences it moves after "değil".

 

"Sen öğrencisin." affirmative noun sentence.  

"Sen öğrenci misin?" question noun sentence.  

"Sen öğrenci değilsin." negative noun sentence.  

 

Of course our vowel harmony rules apply here as well and remember to put a -y buffer between two vowels.

 

Vowel Harmony in i type suffixes:

a or ı is followed by ı

e or i is followed by i

o or u is followed by u

ö or ü is followed by ü

 

Vowel Harmony in e type suffixes:

a, ı, o or u is followed by a

e, i, ö, or ü i is followed by e

 

Personal suffixes for noun sentences, present continuous tense and future tense:

Singulars ben : -ım, -im, -um, -üm sen : -sın, -sin, -sun, -sün o : none Plurals biz : -ız, -iz, -uz, -üz siz : -sınız, -siniz, -sunuz, -sünüz onlar : -lar, -ler or none

 

Complete these sentences:

Example:

The question is : Ben öğrenci_.

Your answer is: Ben öğrenciyim.

1.

Ben doktor_.

2.

Ben öğretmen_.

3.

Biz öğrenci_.

4.

Sen çok akıllı_.

5.

Sen çok kötü_.

6.

Sen öğrenci mi_?

Evet, ben öğrenci_.

7.

Sen evde mi_?

Hayır, ben evde değil_. Ben okulda_.

8.

Siz Türk mü_?

Evet, ben Türk_.

9.

Ben hasta mı_?

Hayır, siz hasta değil_.

10.

Sen İngiliz mi_?

Evet, ben İngiliz_.

11.

Sen iyi mi_?

Hayır, pek iyi değil_. Biraz hasta_.

12.

You want to ask to a woman if she is a nurse. How would you ask? "Siz ...?"

13.

There are two people and you want to ask if they are siblings.  How would you ask? "Siz ...?"

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