Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkada覺m [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] ald覺 [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


Mervan NP, Abuadnan, Lechuga, cze, sandungamx and 410 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (200)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E to T: Please delete this post asap
denizli: This should at least be close: ... en k覺sa ... bu postay覺 ... &...
E to T: He´s in perpetual competitio...
Leo S: He´s someone who is perpetual ... with me; as if he has somethin...
E to T: What I liked about your former res...
Leo S: What I liked about your former residence is that it was a ... like som...
My grammar book has just been published.
qdemir: Thank you, Polyglot.
Female Turkish Teacher in İstanbul
southpark85: u duyuruyu silin ... 100 kere yazd覺m neden kimse silmiyor
E to T my attempt!
denizli: Why do you have m覺? That is for a question. I ... know if this is...
E to T my attempt!
Polyglot: Hi all, This a joke by the way! I asked my Turkish friend to conve...
E to T: Try to develop yourself, think of ...
Leo S: Improve your knowledge of English grammar, consider attending communit...
E to T: need to know basis
Leo S: It will be on a ... basis. The less you know the better. imdiden...
E to T: You are comparing my body to yours
Leo S: You are comparing my body (muscles) to yours, I think? imdiden ...
Sadece / Ancak / Yaln覺z / Yaln覺zca
scalpel - -: ...
Maharet g羹zel olmak deil, g羹zel g繹rme...
Faruk: Hello aruwin! Sure, I can tell you. The ability is not...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Simple Present Tense I - REVISED AND EDITED

Turkish lesson by turkishcobra
Level: intermediate