Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkadaşım [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] aldı [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


Honey23, velari.m, ibarrera, Neo9374, nurhelmy39 and 302 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (176)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E2T
muratalp: Öyle ... ki bu gece ...
work translation please
Johnk: muratalp cok sagolunuz
Grammar notes
tunci: ... göre This gerundium conveys meaning of "since + action...
T2E
nessah: ...
E to T my attempt!
harp00n: Lafı bile olmaz
Bus Journey
harp00n: Dont worry about it. The bus will stop min. 2 times during jou...
One child has been killed in Gaza every ...
tunci: Israeli shells have struck a UN school in the Gaza Strip, killing a...
Test-182
tunci: Bravo. Sadece isim ... ... bir kelime ... ----> Evin ...
Halil İbrahim Sofrası
trip: Evet, ... ... ... But I am trying to teach them, one person at a time....
Benden Öte Benden Ziyade
trip: Well, at least I recognize what I´m having trouble with, even be...
my translation English to Turkish, thanks
gokuyum: If it was ... it would be because of a problem. Think "mesaj ......
Scary move :) but exciting adventure ahead...
muratalp: ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Alphabet

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Adjective and noun clauses

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Korkuyorum
(I am Afraid)

Poem by Unknown
Introduction

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Minor Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Numbers

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Turkish Grammar-1 : Introduction

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner