Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkadaşım [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] aldı [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


mjoyce1111, Moha-ios, lpcuong, marthasf10, Sister and 285 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (170)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
trk to eng pls
harp00n: Dont touch it, im drunky
Does anyone know what this means in Turkis...
harp00n: Its only ...
e-t, please.
harp00n: Yedi ... ... daha ne kadar ... ?
e-t, please
harp00n: You are welcome.
Is this how \"proof of address\" is said i...
samer92: Thanks to all of you
T-E REQUEST
harp00n: My attempt is: Positions: The knowledge and experince is so ...
Kara Para Aşk
elenagabriela: I didnt know about it but I will watch; nowdays I am watching Medcezir...
Meaning of \"yarim\"
ist2014: Thank you, Tunci!
MARQUEZ
og2009: ...
ise
tunci: 1. ... "ise" ---> it is written seperately with verbs but thi...
,,,
chrishern99: ...
African culture need help to translate it
chrishern99: Africa has more than 800 languages native to its continent. African cu...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented
VR+MEKTENSE, +MAKTANSA OR VR+MEK YERINE

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: intermediate
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Road sign Road sign

Picture by Trudy
Blue Mosque Blue Mosque

Picture by nemanjasrb
Turkish bride Turkish bride

Picture by JulianaJuliana
Seninim
(I Am Yours)

Poem by Cenk (cybernetics)
Bağışla
(Forgive Me)

Poem by Aziz Nesin
Bekle Beni
(Wait for Me)

Poem by Konstantin Simonov
Simple Past Tense IV - Question Forms of

Turkish lesson by turkishcobra
Level: intermediate
-eli (beri)

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: intermediate