Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view



Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkadaşım [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] aldı [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.


Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 


Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.

Mélo., filmmaker, mmehdi, turkish girl, noknok and 389 others liked this lesson

View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes

Comments (194)

Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
The word Canim. Help please to understand ...
Majsan: Maybe should add that we both singles and round 30
Taxi from airport E-T
Diksi: Can someone help me with ... How much would it cost to Şişli?...
Is this correct?
denizli: yeahhhh!
can someone translate this paragraph for m...
Jstcr: Simple Present:We need to try = ... actually i used -meli (should) fo...
Help with short note from homeless person
RD525: Henry Thanks very much once again- your ... ... with the mime we did!...
old members?
og2009: It depends on private and community culture, social and economic ...
Grammar notes
: ...
og2009: TRUE FRIENDS Good friends are like stars. You ... always see them. Bu...
Where and When
bigtuna: Wow! Mutlaka yardımcı oldun. ... kalbimle ... ederim.
nessah: Öyle cok sevilir ki bazisi; uzakta olsa bile, ... de verilir, .....
Need help in Translation
nour alhouda: can someone help me in ...
og2009: ... NE DEMEK? ... ... MÜ? ... NE ANLAMA GELİYOR DİYE?" ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Sema da buluşalım... Sema da buluşalım...

Picture by DisiBayanAsk
City skyline from Taksim Hill City skyline from Taksim Hill

Picture by Henry

Story by erdinc
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
kadıköy kadıköy

Picture by clarividencia
Karpuz Karpuz

Picture by sana_go
Past Glory Past Glory

Picture by Daydreamer
Işıklar, şıkır şıkır Işıklar, şıkır şıkır

Picture by clarividencia