Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkadaşım [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] aldı [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


mashaokna, didisparks, Thora, Ghena Masoud, Frida Av and 333 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (183)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
çocukluğumdan çok ilginç bir gün
raydin: ben ... güya bazen çok ... ... yerden ... annem öyle ...
T to E
raydin: Bu ... ne ... geliyor? ... O da öyle bilsin. ... ... belki hayal...
Answering someone properly
SuzieCarol: yes you are right that does sound a lot better -harika
Günün metni
matdamon: Thank you Jansay, ... really helping a lot !
Test-191
Jansay: Hey Mat! Yes, both sentences are quite idiomatic. ... are all possib...
How can you tell if you are Turkish ?
denizli: Yes, clap is a little ... I´m wondering if only Turkish ...
t2e pls
ahmet_a1b2: Kadinlar melek, erkekler ... demek.
E to T my attempt!
Polyglot: Rumeysa thank you
Vocabulary
matdamon: Sağ ol, it´s perfectly clear now !
finding a telephone number
ahmet_a1b2: Rica ederim. Iyi ...
Leiden, okul, ve saire...
Jansay: Merhaba! Tekrardan hoş geldin! ... çok ... İzin veri...
Turkish to English translation
FNestor15: Thank you very much for the ... help! It´s very much ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Fethiye Fethiye

Picture by JNQ
Efes Efes

Picture by slavica
Turkish People Turkish People

Picture by catwoman
Consonant Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Another shop in Mısır Bazaar Another shop in Mısır Bazaar

Picture by Erdem
Alanya View Alanya View

Picture by agata.cicha
Pergamon Theatre Pergamon Theatre

Picture by slavica
Market stall Market stall

Picture by Allie925