Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkadaşım [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] aldı [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


laithoo, laithoo, laithoo, Mirela Nsimba, MyMarine and 349 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (185)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
Lütfen, I really need help translating thi...
ial72: çok çok ... ederim!
T-E
og2009: ...
practicing Turkish writing
denizli: ... what I ... I´ll start next week to learn Turkish...
Demirtaş´tan saz sürprizi, ne d...
JNQ: Lovely thanks so much! Of course now I´ll need a ... if anyone ...
Kahrolma duygular!!
GulBahar: Sağol You brought me the feeling of being defeated/ ... or...
T to E + attempt
denizli: I´m wondering what this could mean? Hepinizi ...
I need help translating this please. thank...
bboyz4life: already done. Thanks
Please somebody help me translate from tur...
pcarter: Can someone help me translate the script below please? I know its long...
Dön bana - Hande Yener - translation
denizli: If anyone has the chance, please offer any ... Geceler zor Nights...
Galatasaray win 20th Turkish title
rezayim: tebrikler Gala ama .... ... Fener
Pleasee help me translate :)
ial72: neden yazdigim mesas sildin sayfadan? biz de hiç bir ... kadin...
E to T
tunci: ... ... ... olan. If your neighbour is holding the Red Bo...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented
Kurşunlu Waterfalls Kurşunlu Waterfalls

Picture by slavica
School Kids on a Field Trip School Kids on a Field Trip

Picture by cruisins
Date and Time

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
A beach-puppy A beach-puppy

Picture by hestia86
Anatolian Poppies Anatolian Poppies

Picture by MarioninTurkey
Amasya - Gümüşlü Cami Amasya - Gümüşlü Cami

Picture by slavica
Ayşe

Story by erdinc
Vowel Rules

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
lesson 3 - suffix lazım değil

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Negatives

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner