Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Introduction

Grammar

Turkish grammar is simplistic once you get used to the style. However, it can seem to be very difficult since the grammatical structure is totally different from the Indo-European languages. This is because Turkish is from a different language family called Ural-Altaic languages. Some languages similar to Turkish are ´Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Kazak, Uzbek, Tatar, Manchu´. Compared to English, the most fundamental differences in Turkish grammar can be listed as:

  • Ordering of sentence parts

    • A typical Turkish sentence is ordered as (subject + object + verb)

      • Arkada覺m [My friend --> subject] araba [car -->object] ald覺 [bought-->verb].

  • No gender

    • There are no articles in Turkish, and no gender associated with words

    • No gender in personal pronouns (the Turkish word for he, she and it is o)

  • Vowel harmony

    • Harmony of vowels is a very fundamental property of Turkish. The rules concerning vowel harmony need to be learned as one of the first steps because they affect the way almost all the other rules are applied.

  • Use of suffixes

    • Suffixes are very widely used in Turkish. The meaning of prepositions, personal pronouns and tenses are all countered by adding suffixes to word roots.

      • Kalbimdesin [You are in my heart]

Once you get to these differences and learn the basic harmony rules, the rest of the grammar is quite simple. Almost everything follows well defined, simple rules.

Sounds

Another important point is the way you read a written text. There is exactly one sound for each character in Turkish. A character always represents the same sound, regardless of its position in a word or the characters next to it. Therefore, it is straightforward to pronounce a word that you see for the first time once you are familiar with the characters in the Turkish alphabet. 

Vocabulary

Once you are comfortable or at least familiar with the harmony rules, the main challenge will be the vocabulary. Turkish vocabulary can be very challenging since the words have no resemblance to the European languages except the few words adapted directly from these languages.


H覺yanet Sarmal覺, Sayonara, Jazarpeik, carolanderson, Reni and 382 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (191)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
T2E short one please
kiz_kiz: Olsun mutlu olmani isterim sen iyi birisin. thank you very much!
Help with a word ...
Henry: ... = by Turks, and this suffix is often used with passive ver...
can someone pleease check and correct mu ...
harp00n: You are welcome.
Any Arabian who is fluent in Turkish
Dana Tarkan: Is there any Arabian who is fluent in Turkish could help me?
E to T my attempt!
foka: karar sizin or karar senin - the decision is yours
Turkish Dictionary software
: ...
E2T please?
mira 25: Bana ... ... ... Ben ... ... siz hepiniz ...
Turkish serials
trip: ... means "smashed to bits" or "broken to ... or "all in pieces." ......
Shall-Shan´t
trip: "Shall" and ... (a ... for "shall not") are antiquated forms that are ...
Skype practice
defacto: hi we can practice for turkish my skype ...
İ can help you for turkish practic
espressobae: Would you like to talk on skype?
T-E
espressobae: Her insan覺n bir kaderi ve ... bir hikayesi vard覺r. Bu hikayeyi insa...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Present Continuous Tense

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: intermediate
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Imperatives - Let

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: intermediate
Alphabet

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Negatives

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Minaturk park Minaturk park

Picture by margaretka_84
stanbuL stanbuL

Picture by aLma_BoSNa
D羹zce - Karakas Village D羹zce - Karakas Village

Picture by slavica