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book 1 unit 2

BEN

I

  SEN

YOU

O

HE/SHE/IT

BİZ

WE

SİZ

YOU

ONLAR

THEY

BEN

-ım  -im  -um  -üm

  SEN

-sın  -sin  -sun  -sün

O

No suffix

BİZ

-ız  -iz  -uz  -üz

SİZ

-sınız  -siniz  -sunuz -sünüz

ONLAR

-ler   -lar

 

     

 


The Suffix Rule.

 

*     If the last vowel of the word is e or i , the vowel in the suffix will be i.

*     If the last vowel of the word is a or ı, the vowel in the suffix will be ı.

*     If the last vowel of the word is o or u, the vowel in the suffix will be u.

*     If the last vowel of the word is ö or ü, the vowel in the suffix will be ü.

 

If the word ens with a vowel and the syffix starts with a vowel, too, you are supposed to put ‘y’ between them.

 

ÜZGÜN (SAD)                        MUTLU(HAPPY)                     HASTA(sick)                               

 

Ben   üzgünüm.                            Ben mutlu-y-um                             Ben hasta-y-ım

Sen    üzgünsün.                          Sen mutlu-sun                                Sen hasta-sın

O       üzgün.                                O mutlu                                          O hasta

Biz     üzgünüz.                            Biz mutlu-y-uz                                Biz hasta-y-ız

Siz      üzgünsünüz.                      Siz mutlu-sunuz                             Siz hasta-sınız

Onlar  üzgünler.                           Onlat mutlu-lar                              Onlar hasta-lar

 

Making negative sentence with DEĞİL.

 

 

Ben

çalışkan değilim.            I am not hard working

Sen

çalışkan değilsin.            You are not hardworking.

O

çalışkan değil.                   S/he is not hardworking.

Biz

çalışkan değiliz.              We are not hardworking.

Siz

çalışkan değilsiniz.       You are not hardworking.

Onlar

çalışkan değiller.          They are not hardworking.

 

To make question sentence you are supposed to use mı, mi, mu or mü according to the last vowel of the word before these question words. You are supposed to add these to the end of the sentence.

 

Ben mutlu mu-y-um?   Sen mutlu mu-sun?      O mutlu mu? 

Biz mutlu mu-y-uz?      Siz mutlu mu-sunuz?   Onlar mutlu-lar mı?


alexandrabotez@ and Danko liked this lesson


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