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Personel Pronouns and Personel Endings - TO BE

TO BE VERB IN TURKISH!

 

Hello again. In this lesson, we are going to discuss about the personal pronouns and their personal endings. Because of Personal Pronouns and Personal Endings are one of the most important topics of Turkish language lessons, I have put this lesson at Beginner Level. Let´s start the lesson!

 

 

In English, we use six personal pronouns and these are; I am, You are, he/she/it is, We are, You are (plural) and They are.

 

In Turkish, we have got six personal pronouns too. Let´s see these pronouns with simple table below:

Pronoun

Turkish

I

ben

You (singular)

sen

He, She, It

o

We

biz

You (plural)

siz

They

onlar

 

In English, we describe personal pronouns by "am/is/are" postposition. In Turkish, we don´t do like this. In Turkish, we do this by the personal-ending-suffixes.

 

 

First, let´s see personal endings table and then talk about it:

Pronoun

Turkish

Personal Ending

I

ben

-(u,覺,i,ü)m

You (singular)

sen

-s(u,覺,i,ü)n

He, She, It

o

no ending

We

biz

-(u,i,ü,覺)z

You (plural)

siz

-s(u,覺,i,ü)n(u,覺,i,ü)z

They

onlar

-ler/-lar

Now relax! Never allow this table to fear your eye, vowel in paranthysis may fear you but we will detect them according to Major Vowel Harmony. By a simpler table below, you are goint to see that personal endings are too easy to use:

Last Vowel/Per.End.

ben

sen

biz

siz

u, o

-um

-sun

-uz

-sunuz

ü, ö

-üm

-sün

-üz

-sünüz

a, 覺

-覺m

-s覺n

-覺z

-s覺n覺z

e, i

-im

-sin

-iz

-siniz

 

As you see, we choose these vowels according to the last vowel of words. Now, describe personal pronouns by some very-known adjectives. We are going to use "örenci (student), uzun (tall), short (k覺sa), zeki (clever, intelligent), güzel (beautiful) :

Pronoun/Word

örenci

uzun

k覺sa

zeki

güzel

Ben

örenciyim

uzunum

k覺say覺m

zekiyim

güzelim

Sen

örencisin

uzunsun

k覺sas覺n

zekisin

güzelsin

O

örenci

uzun

k覺sa

zeki

güzel

Biz

örenciyiz

uzunuz

k覺say覺z

zekiyiz

güzeliz

Siz

örencisiniz

uzunsunuz

k覺sas覺n覺z

zekisiniz

güzelsiniz

Onlar

örenciler

uzunlar

k覺salar

zekiler

güzeller

As you see, by using the conjugation table of personal endings, it is easier to decide which suffix we are going to use. Note that we always look at last vowel. When adding suffix, we don´t care other vowels of words. By the way, I hope you have noticed about the unbold "y" character  This is a connection word for two vowels. If word ends with a vowel and if suffix starts with a vowel, too, then we put "y" between them.

 

Ben bir örenciyim: I am a student.

 

Sen bir örencisin: You are a student.

 

Biz örenciyiz: We are students.

 

Ben uzunum: I am tall

 

Sen k覺sas覺n: You are short.

 

Sen çok zekisin: You are very clever.

 

O çok güzel: She is very beautiful.

 

Now, let´s conjugate "aç, tok, mutlu and mutsuz" adjectives.

 

Aç: hungry ... tok: not hungry, full ... mutlu: happy ... mutsuz: unhappy.

 

Conjugation for "aç" and "tok" adjectives:

 

Pronoun/Adjactive

aç (hungry)

tok (not hungry, full)

Ben

覺m

tokum

Sen

s覺n

toksun

O

(t覺r)

tok(tur)

Biz

覺z

tokuz

Siz

s覺n覺z

toksunuz

Onlar

(lar)

tok(lar)

 

Conjugation for "mutlu and mutsuz" adjectives:

Pronoun/Adjective

mutlu (happy)

mutsuz (unhappy)

Ben

mutluyum

mutsuzum

Sen

mutlusun

mutsuzsun

O

mutlu(dur)

mutsuz(dur)

Biz

mutluyuz

mutsuzuz

Siz

mutlusunuz

mutsuzsunuz

Onlar

mutlu(lar)

mutsuz(lar)

 

Ben çok mutluyum: I am very happy.

 

Sen çok mutsuzsun: You are very unhappy.

 

Biz aç覺z: We are hungry.

 

Siz toksunuz: You are not hungry, you are full.

 

Examples:

 

Biz turistiz: We are tourists.

 

Siz öretmensiniz: You are teachers.

 

We can also use this to structure to express our Occupations!

 

Ben bir doktorum: I am a doctor.

 

Ben bir pilotum: I am a pilot.

 

Siz hemiresiniz: You are nurses.

 

Ben bir askerim: I am a soldier.

 

You are going to understand better this structure as you set new sentences. Next topic is going to be the negative form of "to be."

 

thx

turkishcobra //


Seby56, DulceAmor, randa m, mashaokna, Aliwil and 31 others liked this lesson


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