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Days, Months, Numbers, Colors and Other Time Concepts.

 

 

Let´s start with the days:

 

Pazar: Sunday

 

Pazartesi (Pazar + ertesi, the day after Sunday): Monday

 

Sal覺: Tuesday

 

Çaramba: Wednesday

 

Perembe: Thursday

 

Cuma: Friday

 

Cumartesi (Cuma + ertesi, the day after Friday): Saturday.

 

In Turkey, Cumartesi and Pazar are official holiday days, working days are Pazartesi, Sal覺, Çaramba, Perembe and Cuma.

 

Let´s see the months:

 

Ocak: January

 

ubat: February

 

Mart: March

 

Nisan: April

 

May覺s: May

 

Haziran: June

 

Temmuz: July

 

Austos: August

 

Eylül: September

 

Ekim: October

 

Kas覺m: November

 

Aral覺k: December

 

In Turkey, new year begins by 01 Ocak and ends by 31 Aral覺k.

 

And these are numbers:

Bir: One

襤ki: Two

Üç: Three

Dört: Four

Be: Five

Alt覺: Six

Yedi: Seven

Sekiz: Eight

Dokuz: Nine

On: Ten

Yirmi: Twenty

Otuz: Thirty

K覺rk: Fourty

Elli: Fifty

Altm覺: Sixty

Yetmi: Seventy

Seksen: Eighty

Doksan: Ninety

Yüz: Hundred

Bin: Thousand

Yüz Bin: Hundred Thousand

Milyon: Million

Trilyon: Billion.

For example, to say "Fifty five" , "Elli + be = 55"

Eleven: On + bir = On bir = 11

Twelve: On + iki = On iki = 12

Three thousand: Üç + bin = Üç bin = 3000

And these are colors:

black

white

green

red

yellow

blue

dark blue

pink

violet

orange

siyah

beyaz

yeil

k覺rm覺z覺

sar覺

mavi

lacivert

pembe

mor

turuncu

Other Time Concepts:

Saniye: Second

Dakika: Moment

Saat: Hour

Gün: Day

Hafta: Week

Ay: Month

Y覺l/Sene: Year

On Y覺l: Decade

Yüzy覺l: Century

Bugün: Today

Dün: Yesterday

Yar覺n/Ertesi Gün: Tomorrow

Sabaha Kar覺: Time period between midnight and sunrise. 

Sabah: Morning

Ölen: Noon

Öleden Sonra: Afternoon

襤kindi: Time period between afternoon and sunset 

Akamüstü: Time period between sunset and twilight.

Akam: Evening

Gece: Night (After nine o´clock generally)

Geceyar覺s覺: Midnight

Yar覺m: 12:30 and 00:30 are called as "yar覺m".

HOURS (SAATLER):

In Turkey we use 24-hour system.

Immediate Hour Concepts:

Saat üç: It´s three o´clock (may be 03:00 or 15:00)

Saat be: It´s five o´clock (may be 05:00 or 17:00)

Çeyrek: Quarter

Buçuk: Half

Saat be buçuk: It is half past five (17:30 or 05:30)

Saat dört buçuk: It is half past four

It is quarter to four:

Saat dörde çeyrek var.

Its quarter past six:

Alt覺y覺 çeyrek geçiyor.

Note: For another time, we use "geçe" and "kala"

Dörde çeyre kala: When it is quarter to four.

Dördü çeyrek geçe: When it is quarter past four.

In here, we use Accusative and Dative Forms, so I will tell about these at next unites.

 

thx

turkishcobra //

 

 

 


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