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Plural Suffixes and Relative Suffixes for Plural Nouns (Subtitle I)

 

 

We don´t use different relative suffixes for Plural Nouns. But, first, let´s see how we create plural nouns in Turkish.

 

We do it by two suffixes "-ler/-lar". We select one of them according to the Vowel Harmony.

 

  • If last vowel is one of "a , ı , o, u" we add "-lar" because of vowel harmony.

 

  • If last vowel is one of "e , i , ö , ü" then we add "-ler" because of vowel harmony.

 

ev: house > evler: houses

 

araba: car > arabalar: cars

 

defter: notebook > defterler: notebooks

 

kalem: pen/pencil > kalemler: pens/pencils

 

gün: day > günler: days

 

şarkı: song > şarkılar: songs

 

ders: lesson > dersler: lessons

 

düşünce: idea/thought > düşünceler: ideas/thoughts

 

şehir: city > şehirler: cities

 

etc...

 

Now, I´m going to tell you a very important clue:

 

Plural Suffixes always come before Relative Suffixes and Relative Suffixe MAY CHANGE ACCORDING TO THE STRUCTURE OF PLURAL SUFFIX 

 

benim evim: my home > benim ev + ler + im: my homes in here, relative suffix did not change.

 

benim arabam: my car > benim araba + lar + ım in here, relative suffix HAS CHANGED because

"arabalar" noun has ended with a consonant.

 

benim günüm: my day > benim gün + ler + im

 

As you see, we detect relative suffix according to "-ler/-lar"

 

senin evin: your house > senin evlerin: your houses.

 

bizim defterimiz: our notebook > bizim defterlerimiz: our notebooks

 

sizin düşünceniz: your idea/thought > sizin düşünceleriniz: your idea/thought.

 

thx

turkishcobra //

 

 

 


eline, kashf-ul-eman, musaddiq, Danko, JohannaPo and 3 others liked this lesson


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