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Possesive Constructions + Relative Pronouns (For Singular and Plural)

 

 

Now, we know Relative Pronouns/Relative Suffixes and Possessive Construction. Let´s combine them.

 

For example: The door of my car. How can we say that? It is very easy. Let´s go step my step:

 

1) As a principle, start to translate FROM THE END OF SENTENCE. Because Turkish sentences are set by the opposite side of English sentences.

 

First let´s say my car: benim arabam

 

2) In here, we are going to imagine "benim arabam" as a single noun. "The doof my car."

Now, let´s go on.  "....of my car": benim arabamın .. Did you see it ? We go from the end of sentence.

 

3) And now, we will imagine "benim arabamın" as an apart noun: "the door of my car"

 

my car´s door: benim arabamın kapı

 

Kapı is tamlanan in here, so it MUST MEET TAMLANAN SUFFIX. "benim arabam" is TAMLAYAN. SO, IT IS GOING TO MEET TAMLAYAN SUFFIX!

 

Let´s make another example:

 

The garden of my home:

 

Home: Ev

 

Garden: Bahçe

 

1) Start by the end of sentence. my home: benim evim.

 

2) Walk from the end of sentence straight to the start of sentence. Now, we are in the middle of sentence:

 

....of my home: benim evimin. (my home´s)

 

3) let´s add tamlanan right now: garden of my home: benim evimin bahçesi.

 

bahçe is tamlanan, that´s why it meets tamlanan suffixes.

 

Another example:

 

Front of your school (your is plural your, "sizin")

 

1) your school: sizin okulunuz.

 

2) ...of your school/your school´s: sizin okulunuzun.

 

3) and adding tamlanan; sizin okulunuzun önü.

 

 

Another example:

 

the page of his notebook

 

1) his notebook: onun defteri.

 

2) ...of his notebook/his notebook´s: onun defterinin.

 

note: underlined "n" is connection word. tamlayan suffix came nearby a vowel, so we added "n")

 

3) adding tamlayan: onun defterinin sayfa.

 

"sayfa" is tamlanan, it met tamlanan suffixes.

 

Another example:

 

Back of our home

 

as a reminder, back: arka

 

1) our home: bizim evimiz.

 

2) ...of our home/our home´s: bizim evimizin.

 

3) adding tamlanan: bizim evimizin arka.

 

 

FOR PLURAL NOUNS:

 

Plural suffix is going to have priority in here, too. Let´s make plural the sentences above:

 

the gardens of my homes:

 

 

1) my homes: benim evlerim.

 

2) ...of my homes: benim evlerimin.

 

3) adding tamlanan:

 

garden: bahçe ... gardens: bahçeler

 

4) benim evlerimin bahçeleri

 

the pages of his notebooks:

 

1) his notebooks: onun defterleri.

 

2) ...of his notebooks: onun defterlerinin.

 

(underlined "n" is connection word!)

 

3) adding tamlanan:

 

page: sayfa ... pages: sayfalar

 

4) onun defterlerinin sayfaları.

 

-----------------------------------------------------------

At next unit, we will combine adjectives with this unit.

 

"the large door my car" for example.

 

thx

turkishcobra//


sweetsahrish, eline, Arsenia, kashf-ul-eman, Raman and 5 others liked this lesson


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