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Simple Adjectives (Subtitle II)

 

 

I don’t know if you have noticed, that nouns do NOT have gender in Turkish, we don’t seperate them as “feminine” and “masculine” like in French, Greek or Arabic. There isn’t “gender” concept for Turkish nouns, so adjectives do not change their forms when they describe the nouns. If an adjective is going to describe a noun, it must be “before” the noun, likewise at “beautiful home.” This structure is same in Turkish too, adjective comes before the noun. Let’s see it.

 

"güzel" means beautiful, nice. "ev" means "home" in Turkish.

 

We say beautiful home as "güzel ev" in Turkish. In Turkish, FOR ALWAYS the adjectives come before nouns, because they describe NOUNS.

 

güzel ev : beautiful home

 

uzun yol: long way

 

büyük bina: big building

 

By the table below, you can learn some most-used adjectives of Turkish.

big

small

old

new

large

tall

short

wet

dry

hot

cold

büyük

küçük

eski

yeni

geni

uzun

k覺sa

覺slak

kuru

s覺cak

souk

 

 

And, some nouns that we have used throughout the lessons:

house

tree

building

car

window

weather

road

city

town

table

ev

aaç

bina

araba

pencere

hava

yol

ehir

kasaba

masa

 

And, there are some adjective clauses at the table below:

large house

geni ev 

old building

eski bina 

hot weather

s覺cak hava 

tall tree

uzun aaç 

short road

k覺sa yol 

big city

büyük ehir 

new car

yeni araba 

wet road

覺slak yol 

large window

geni pencere 

small town

küçük kasaba 

 

Read the table carefully. It is too easy, isn´t it?

 

 

Colors are adjectives, too. Let´s remember the colors:

black

white

green

red

yellow

blue

dark blue

pink

violet

orange

siyah

beyaz

yeil

k覺rm覺z覺

sar覺

mavi

lacivert

pembe

mor

turuncu

 

And some adjective clauses with colors and some nouns:

green house

yeil ev 

red table

k覺rm覺z覺 masa 

yellow tree

sar覺 aaç 

black car

siyah araba 

dark blue building

lacivert bina 

orange chair

turuncu sandalye

 

And, numbers are another important adjectives of Turkish. Let´s remember the numbers:

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

bir

iki

üç

dört

be

alt覺

yedi

sekiz

dokuz

on

 

 

bir ev: a house  iki ev: two houses   üç ev: three houses ....

 

As you see, nouns don´t meet plural suffix when they are more than one.

 

bir yeil aaç: a green three

 

iki k覺rm覺z覺 ev: two red houses.

 

you can add "tane" word to cement numeric meaning:

 

"tane" (or adet) means "....in number"

 

Üç tane: three in number (üç adet) , dört tane: four in number (dört adet)

 

iki tane k覺rm覺z覺 ev, bir tane yeil aaç

 

thx

turkishcobra //


Bridget, jehad, eline, 羹mitli, farah25 and 8 others liked this lesson


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