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Existence/Absence

 

In English, we express existence/absence with "there is/are and there isn´t/aren´t"

 

For both singular and plural nouns, we use "var/yok"

  • There is/are : Var

 

  • There isn´t/There aren´t: Yok

 

 

We always put "var" and "yok" AT THE END OF SENTENCES. Let´s see it.

 

There is a cat here

 

Here/In here means: Burada

 

 

A cat: Bir kedi

 

There is a cat here: Burada bir kedi var.

 

 

Let´s make it negative;

 

There isn´t a cat here: Burada bir kedi yok.

 

Examples:

 

There are homes there: Orada evler var

 

Over there/at there: Orada

 

There aren´t students here: Burada öğrenci yok.

 

Not: If your noun is plural, don´t add plural suffix when there is "yok"

 

There isn´t cloud at the sky: Havada bulut yok.

 

There are high buildings here: Burada yüksek binalar var.

 

There are cheap shops at city center:

Always start by the end of sentence!

 

City center: Şehir merkezi

 

At city center: Şehir merkezinde

 

(Note: When you put "-de" suffix nearby a vowel, if this vowel is another suffix, put "n" among. But if this vowel is the vowel of noun, don´t put "n")

 

Cheap Shops: Ucuz dükkanlar

 

And finally:

 

Şehir merkezinde ucuz dükkanlar var.

 

-----------

 

There is a cat on the table:

 

On the table: Masanın üstünde bir kedi var.

 

There are cars in front of house:

 

Evin önünde arabalar var.

 

Hiç: Any

 

There aren´t any trees at the garden: Bahçede hiç ağaç yok.

 

There are a lot of students in the classroom: Sınıfta bir sürü öğrenci var. (no need to put suffix, "bir sürü" tell us plurality)

 

thx

turkishcobra //

 


mashaokna, eline, viktorijamo, GulBahar, kashf-ul-eman and 5 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Class of turkishcobra //

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