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Verbs / Subtitle II - Dative Form

 

 

Hello my friends. Welcome to lesson.

 

Dative Form, or Yönelme Durumu in Turkish, is easier than Accusative Form, because it has got only two suffiex, "-a and -e" which changes by Vowel Harmony. Just like in Accusative Form, we are going to use "y" connection character when a nound ended with a vowel.

 

Now, with a simple table, let´s see the usage of Dative Form suffixes:

 

 

Last Vowel of Pronoun

Suffix Form

a, ı, o, u

-a

e, i, ö, ü

-e

 

Let´s use "door / kapı" at Dative Form. Kapı ends with a vowel, so we must use "y" connection character. Kapı ends with "ı", table says us "use "-a" when the noun ends with "ı" vowel:

 

Kapı + y +a : Kapı is noun, "y" is connection character and "-a" is Dative Form Suffix.

 

Now, let´s use "garden / bahçe" at Dative Form. "bahçe" ends with a vowel too, we will use "y" again. And this noun´s last vowel is "e". Table says, use "-e" if noun´s last vowel is "e"

 

Bahçe + y + e: Bahçe is noun, y is connection and "-e" is Dative Form Suffix.

 

 

I have prepared a table for usage of Dative Form at some Nouns.

house

ev

eve

car

araba

arabaya

building

bina

binaya

tree

ağaç

ağaca

garden

bahçe

bahçeye

book

kitap

kitaba

door

kapı

kapıya

chair

sandalye

sandalyeye

table

masa

masaya

school

okul

okula

student

öğrenci

öğrenciye

song

şarkı

şarkıya

notebook

defter

deftere

driver

şoför

şoföre

 

 

It is too easy. And, a table for Dative Forms of Personal Pronouns.

Personal Pronoun

Accusative form

ben

bana

sen

sana

o

ona

biz

bize

siz

size

onlar

onlara

 

 

thx

turkishcobra //


Khayrul Haq, Mokba, mira 25, shemo_as, february and 4 others liked this lesson


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